CANBERRA, June 24 (Xinhua) -- Australia's first female Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, on Thursday has accepted the role with " the greatest humility, resolve and enthusiasm" during a press conference held in Canberra.
At the conference in Parliament House, Gillard said she was " truly honored" to become prime minister, after Kevin Rudd stood aside on Thursday.
"Can I say Australians one and all, it's with the greatest, humility, resolve and enthusiasm that I sought the endorsement of my colleagues to be the Labor leader and to be the prime minister for this country," Gillard said.
"I have accepted that endorsement," she added.
Julia Gillard will can the government's mining tax advertising as one of her first acts as prime minister, and has called on the mining lobby to do the same.
She said reaching an agreement on the Resource Super Profits Tax (RSPT) is one of her first priorities after being elevated to the top job by the Federal Parliamentary Labor Party, although she has reiterated that the government will not abandon the RSPT.
The negotiations with the mining industry will continue to be led by the Treasurer (and new Deputy Prime Minister) Wayne Swan and Resources Minister Martin Ferguson.
Gillard said that she had asked her colleagues to make a leadership change "because I believed that a good government was losing its way."
"Health and education services, and fair treatment at work, were at risk at the next election," Gillard said.
Turning to Labor's failed attempt to introduce an emissions trading scheme, Gillard said she was disappointed that Australia did not have a price on carbon.
"In the future we will need one," she said, adding "but first we will need to establish a community consensus for action."
"If elected as prime minister (at the next election), I will re- prosecute the case for a carbon price at home and abroad," she said.
Gillard said there would be some changes to cabinet and ministerial arrangements, which she should announce at an appropriate time.
Australia will go to the polls within months, Gillard also announced.
"In the coming months, I will ask the governor-general to call a general election so that the Australian people can exercise their birthright and choose their prime minister," she said.
Treasurer Wayne Swan was also elected as deputy leader unopposed.
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