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Backgrounder: Basic facts about Burundi

06-28-2010 15:33 BJT

BUJUMBURA, June 28 (Xinhua) -- Burundians will go to polls on Monday to elect a new president.

The following are the basic facts about Burundi:

Burundi is an East African country located at the Great Lakes Region. It borders Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) to the west.

The country claimed independence on July 1, 1962 and legally changed its name from Ruanda-Urundi to Burundi.

Burundi has a size of about 28,000 km and a population of almost 8,700,000. The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura.

Burundi is a landlocked country but has access to Lake Tanganyika.

Tutsi, Hutu and Twa are the main nationalities in the country. About 62 percent of Burundians are Roman Catholic, 8 to 10 percent are Muslims and the rest follow indigenous beliefs and other Christian denominations. Cobalt and copper are among Burundi's natural resources. Its main exports include coffee and sugar.

Editor:Zhang Jingya |Source: Xinhua

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