NANJING, July 3 (Xinhua) -- China's large cities should no longer construct coal-fired power plants, but give priority to the development of low-carbon energy, said Zhang Guobao, director of the National Energy Administration, at a forum of the Shanghai World Expo on Saturday.
|Zhang Guobao, vice minister of China's State Development|
and Reform Commission and head of China's National Energy
Administration, gives a speech at the Environmental Protection
and Urban Responsibilities Forum in Nanjing, capital of east
China's Jiangsu Province, July 3, 2010. The forum, a theme
event of the Shanghai World Expo, opened here Saturday,
attracting more than 600 officials and scholars from around
the world. (Xinhua/Chen Qi)
"I have suggested the demolition or relocation of four coal-fired power plants in Beijing's urban area, including one in the central business district," said Zhang, who is also vice director of the National Development and Reform Commission.
The Beijing municipal government and energy firms would implement the recommendation soon, Zhang said.
"Cities with coal shortages like Shanghai and Nanjing should also take the lead," said Zhang.
At the forum with the theme Environmental Protection and Urban Responsibilities, Zhang said China was undergoing a process of rapid urbanization with the consumption of energy rising quickly.
"Air quality in cities like Beijing and Shanghai is deteriorating. It's hard to see clear skies and bright stars in the cities," he said.
"The government puts great stock in seeking harmonious development between cities and the environment, and is readjusting the energy structure by giving priority to the development of clean and low-carbon energies, including hydroelectric, nuclear, wind and solar power."
Authorities had shut small coal-fired plants totaling 60.06 million kilowatts in capacity from 2006 to 2009. This year's target of closing 10 million kilowatts of capacity should be achieved by August, he said.
"We have promised to the international community that 15 percent of power will be generated from non-fossil sources by 2020," Zhang said.
At present, non-fossil energy accounted for around 7.8 percent, he said.
The country's installed hydropower capacity in 2009 reached 197 million kilowatts, the highest in the world. The installed capacity of wind power had been doubling every year for the past four years to more than 22 million kilowatts, the third highest in the world, and the figure is expected to exceed 30 million kilowatts in 2010.
More than 600 officials and scholars from around the world participated in the two-day forum in Nanjing, capital of east China's Jiangsu Province, which will address topics including international cooperation and policies for climate change, green economy and innovative production models, citizens' role in building green cities, sustainable buildings, and sustainable lifestyle and consumption patterns.