Universal preschool education and a pledge to eliminate illiteracy are among the reforms of China's education system published in the country's national education plan for the next decade.
"The strategic goals to be attained by 2020 are to basically modernize education; shape a learning society; and turn China into a country rich in human resources," says the document, which comprises 22 chapters and 27,000 words.
It says that preschool education should be basically universal by 2020, and the nine-year compulsory education policy should be consolidated.
The enrolment rate for senior middle school should be 90 percent of those of school age, while the enrolment rate for higher education should be 40 percent of high school graduates.
It also sets the goal of eliminating illiteracy among young and middle-aged people by the end of the decade.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council have issued a notice requiring local Party committees and governments to carefully implement the national education outline.
The outline vows to spare no efforts to "run every school well and bring quality education to every student. No child shall be allowed to drop out due to family financial difficulties."
Minister of Education Yuan Guiren said the outline addressed major issues faced by China's education system, educational development bottlenecks, as well as issues of public concern.
The outline's drafting began in August 2008 and it was made public on the Internet twice to solicit feedback. Millions of suggestions were received and the draft was revised about 40 times accordingly.
The outline says issues about providing equal compulsory education opportunities for children of migrant workers in cities shall be addressed.
It also says that by 2020, the quality of compulsory education shall be balanced in all regions, ensuring school-aged children and adolescents have equal access to quality compulsory education.
In a bid to lessen assignment burdens on primary and secondary school students, the outline requires the establishment of an assignment burden monitoring and reporting mechanism.