BEIJING, Sept. 1 (Xinhua) -- A signing ceremony was held on Sept. 2, 1945, on a U.S. battleship to mark the surrender of Japan in World War II. The following is a brief introduction to the surrender and the ceremony.
The German Nazis surrendered on May 8, 1945, which signaled the protracted war's end on the European battleground. The Allied forces, afterwards, launched offensives against the Japanese troops in the Asia-Pacific region.
China, Britain and the United States jointly issued the Potsdam Declaration on July 26 to demand Japan's imminent surrender, but the diehard Japanese government turned down the request.
The U.S. air force dropped one atomic bomb respectively on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Aug. 6 and Aug. 9.
On Aug. 9, Soviet troops launched attacks against Japanese forces in northeast China and the north of the Korean Peninsula.
On Aug. 14, the Japanese government gave notes to the U.S., Soviet, British and Chinese governments to accept the Potsdam Declaration. The next day, Japanese Emperor Hirohito delivered a recorded radio address to the nation, announcing the surrender of Japan.
On Sept. 2, Japan's surrender ceremony was carried out on the U.S. Missouri battleship anchored in Tokyo Bay.
Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Chief of the Japanese Army General Staff Yoshijiro Umezu, representing the Japanese side, signed the instrument of surrender, while Supreme Allied Commander Douglas MacArthur, a U.S. General representing the Allied countries, also signed.
The ceremony was deliberately conducted on a U.S. battleship to highlight the contributions and sacrifices of the U.S. navy on the Pacific battleground.
Sept. 3, one day after the surrender ceremony, was designated by the Chinese government as the Victory Day for the Chinese People's Anti-Japanese War, which lasted from 1937 to 1945.