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Backgrounder: Facts about Chichago

01-21-2011 09:41 BJT Special Report:Chinese President Hu Jintao Visits US |

BEIJING, Jan. 21 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Hu Jintao pays a state visit to the United States on Jan. 18-21, during which he will travel to Chicago.

The following are basic facts about the city of Chicago:

Situated in the U.S. central state of Illinois, Chicago covers an area of 588 square km and has a population of 2.85 million. It is the third largest city in the country.

Warm in summer, not very cold in winter, but almost windy all year long, Chicago is also known as the "Windy City."

Chicago boasts traditional West European-style buildings, magnificent modern skyscrapers and broad avenues. The current city of Chicago is rebuilt after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The 443-meter-high Sears Tower, also known as Willis Tower, is the tallest building in the United States.

In the 1800s, the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, turning Chicago into a port city. Chicago is also the railway hub in the country, where dozens of railways connecting the country's major cities meet.

O'Hare International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world. Chicago now is an important land, air and waterway transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.

Chicago is also home to major futures exchanges in the country, including the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and the Chicago Board Options Exchange.

The city is a higher education center in the central United States as well. The University of Chicago is known as "the cradle of the Nobel Prize winners."

In 1985, Chicago forged a sister cities relationship with Shenyang in China's northeastern Liaoning Province.

Editor:Zhang Pengfei |Source: Xinhua

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