CCTV.com - CNTV English - CCTV News

Backgrounder: ASEAN integration process

05-06-2011 15:37 BJT

JAKARTA, May 6 (Xinhua) -- The 18th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit will be held in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta from May 7 to 8, marking a new step in the ASEAN integration.

The forthcoming ASEAN Summit, under the theme of "ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations," is expected to discuss the ASEAN Charter and review latest development concerning the integration roadmap.

ASEAN was established on Aug. 8, 1967 in Bangkok by the five original member countries, comprising Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei joined in 1984, Vietnam in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997, and Cambodia in 1999.

The latest official figures showed that the ASEAN region, with a total population of about 592 million and a total area of 4.44 million square km, saw its combined GDP amount to some 1.5 trillion U.S. dollars.

The ASEAN Charter that entered into force in December 2008 stipulated that the ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community, and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. The ASEAN Charter provides guide to ASEAN people to move forward to one vision, one identity and one community.

The idea of a free trade area among ASEAN was raised at the fourth ASEAN Summit in 1992. ASEAN leaders expect to push forward cooperation level and economic integration through trade liberalization, so as to enhance the overall strength of ASEAN.

Following Asian Financial Crisis, ASEAN countries shared a strong feeling that only by building various mechanisms within the region, could ASEAN countries be resilient to challenges from outside and ensure regional security and stability. Hence, an idea of ASEAN Community was born.

At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established. At the 10th ASEAN Summit in 2004, ASEAN leaders adopted the Plans of Action of the ASEAN Security Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.

At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.

At the 13th ASEAN Summit in November 2007, ASEAN leaders signed the ASEAN Charter and The Declaration on the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint.

At the 14th ASEAN Summit in February 2009, ASEAN leaders signed the Cha-am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015).

At the 15th ASEAN summit in October 2009, ASEAN leaders decided to strengthen cooperation on education within the bloc.

At the 17th ASEAN summit in October 2010, ASEAN leaders adopted a document on strengthening connectivity within the regional body. According to ASEAN secretary general Surin Pitsuwan, the general plan of ASEAN connectivity involves some 700 projects at an estimated cost of 38 million U.S. dollars.

In terms of governance structure, ASEAN summit is the highest- decision making organ for the 10-member bloc and the ASEAN Secretariat is responsible for coordination among member countries.

ASEAN has also set up a coordinating council and three community councils including the ASEAN Political-Security Community Council, ASEAN Economic Community Council and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Council for its operation.

Editor:Yang Jie |Source: Xinhua

Hot Videos view more

The celebrations are still continuing as the victorious coach, Joachim Loew, has been honored for his achievement in his hometown of Freiburg.
Germany coach Loew honored in hometown of Freiburg

Chinese men´s national team continued its preparations for next year´s Asian Cup, as they managed a one-all draw against visitors Jordan during a football friendly in Harbin, the capital city of Northeast China´s Heilongjiang Province.
China held to 1-1 draw by Jordan

The defending world champs came into the contest with a perfect 6-and-oh record, but they would be in for a tough first half before opening things up in the second.
USA beat Slovenia 119-76 in quarter-finals

Hot Stories more

UK authorities believe killer of James Foley is a British national

Across the UK the hunt is on for James Foley’s killer, who authorities believe is a British national. As Richard Bestic reports from London, Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his summer break to lead his government’s response.

Israeli war jets renews Gaza strike as truce talks stalled

Three Palestinians were killed and 40 others wounded in the intensive Israeli war jets´ airstrikes on the Gaza city on Tuesday night, shortly before an end of a 24-hour ceasefire in the Gaza Strip,

Missouri police arrest dozens after violent night

As the protests in the town of Ferguson, Missouri turned violent with police facing ´heavy gunfire´ from some ´criminal elements´, cops fired tear gas, stun grenades and arrested 31 demonstrators on Monday night.

Picture in news more

More Video News

Choose TV Program