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Chinese rights expert worries about ramification of NATO's military operations in Libya

09-21-2011 15:09 BJT Special Report:Libyan Rebels Control Tripoli |

BEIJING, Sept. 21 (Xinhua) -- A Chinese human rights expert on Wednesday said he was concerned about the aftermath of NATO's military operations in Libya and its ramification on future international intervention to solve conflict within a sovereign country.

"Military operations can quickly change a country's government, but history tells us that new conflict and tensions will soon emerge in the aftermath," said Wang Zaibang, vice dean of the University of International Relations, at a Beijing human rights forum.

"Stability is usually hard to secure in an intervened country or region," he said.

The NATO-led military operations in Libya were launched in late March after the U.N. Security Council adopted a resolution to enforce a no-fly zone on Libya and to take "all necessary measures" to protect civilians. Months-long operations helped opposition forces overthrow Muammar Gaddafi's government.

From early on, China said it was concerned about increasing tensions in Libya which had caused many casualties and hoped involved parties would quickly reach a cease fire and resolve the crisis through dialogue and negotiation.

It was the third time NATO launched a military intervention after it sent troops to former Yugoslavia in 1999 and to Iraq in 2003, Wang said, adding that both of the previous interventions failed to achieve the stated goals and left many troubles behind.

In pushing to realize the "responsibility to protect," NATO military operations can derail their original good motive and even cause new humanitarian crises, Wang said.

Agreed to by world leaders at the 59th UN General Assembly in 2005, the "responsibility to protect" -- sometimes known as "R2P" -- holds states responsible for shielding their own populations from genocide and other major human rights abuses and requires the international community to step in if this obligation is not met.

Wang said the "responsibility to protect" primarily falls on the sovereign country's government while the international community should only "constructively intervene" by supporting dialogue between the conflicting sides and helping to avoid military action.

The fourth Beijing Forum on Human Rights opened in Beijing on Wednesday with the focus on human dignity as well as on the diversity of culture and values. Over 100 Chinese and foreign human rights experts attended the forum.

Editor:Yang Jie |Source: Xinhua

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