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Backgrounder: Key events in Libya's civil war

10-21-2011 07:26 BJT Special Report:Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi dies |

TRIPOLI, Oct. 20 (Xinhua) -- Libya's fallen leader Muammar Gaddafi was killed in Sirte on Thursday after forces of the Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC) completely seized the strongman's hometown, indicating the country's eight-month civil war is finally drawing to an end. Here are some key events in the bloody conflict:

On Feb. 15: Massive protests erupted in Libyan cities, including capital Tripoli, demanding an end to the 42-year rule of Gaddafi. Protesters clashed with the police, resulting in casualties.

On Feb. 20: Gaddafi's son Seif al-Islam warned in a televised speech that Libya would face civil war if the clashes continued. He said nearly 100 people had been killed during anti-government protests in the eastern city of Benghazi.

On Feb. 22: The Arab League (AL) decided to suspend Libya's participation in future AL meetings and any other derivative organizations or bodies. Many countries began to evacuate their nationals from Libya as clashes between Gaddafi's loyalists and rebels escalated in the country.

On Feb. 26: The UN Security Council adopted a resolution to impose sanctions on Libya, including an arms embargo against the Libyan authorities and travel bans and asset freezes against Gaddafi and his key family members.

On March 1: The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution to suspend the rights of membership of Libya in the UN Human Rights Council.

On March 12: Arab League foreign ministers agreed in an emergency meeting to urge the UN Security Council to impose a no- fly zone over Libya to protect citizens.

On March 13: Libyan government troops advanced toward Benghazi, the last stronghold of the rebels, after retaking the rebel-held western city of Zawiyah and eastern cities of Bin Jawad, Ras Lanuf, Brega and Ajdabiya.

On March 17: The UN Security Council adopted a resolution to authorize a no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures," excluding troops on the ground, to protect civilians under threat of attack in the country.

On March 19: Forces from Western countries, including the United States, France and Britain, Saturday started to strike targets in areas controlled by Libyan government troops, using warplanes, submarines and aircraft carriers.

On April 10: Gaddafi accepted a roadmap for ending the conflict, which was presented by a delegation of four African leaders during talks in Tripoli. But rebels rejected the plan the next day.

On April 30: A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli killed Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren.

On June 27: The International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Seif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi, charged with crimes against humanity.

On Aug. 14: Rebels took the gateway of Tripoli, Zawiyah, cutting the coastal highway to Tunisia which keeps the capital supplied with food and fuel.

On Aug. 19: Rebels made advances in Zliten and controlled most of the city in the west front, a remarkable move to completely cut off roads to Tripoli.

On Aug. 21: Rebels entered Tripoli's central Green Square, after hours of heavy fighting with Gaddafi's forces.

On Aug. 23: Rebels captured the Bab al-Azizya compound in Tripoli, forcing Gaddafi and his sons into hiding.

On Aug. 29: Gaddafi's wife Safia, his daughter Aisha, his sons Hannibal and Mohammed, accompanied by their children, crossed the border into Algeria for asylum.

On Sept. 11: Gaddafi's third son, Saadi, fled to Niger along with several generals of the former regime, including the head of Gaddafi's security brigade.

On Sept. 16: Rebels launched fullscale offensives on Bani Walid and Sirte, two of few Gaddafi's remaining bastions.

On Sept. 16: The Libyan National Transitional Council was granted Libya's seat at the United Nations and the UN Security Council voted to ease sanctions on the country.

On Oct. 17: NTC forces captured the southern oasis town of Bani Walid after weeks of intense fighting.

On Oct. 20: NTC forces took full control of Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte after overrunning the city's "Number Two" neighborhood, where Gaddafi's loyalists were cornered. Gaddafi was captured alive but died later, so did his fourth son, Mutassim. The details of their death remain unknown. Gaddafi's second son, Seif al-Islam, was reportedly placed under the NTC's custody and injured.

 

 

Editor:Zhang Pengfei |Source: Xinhua

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