- CNTV English - CCTV News

Chinese experts urge transparent organ donation system

03-23-2012 16:29 BJT

BEIJING, March 23 (Xinhua) -- Chinese medical experts have urged the establishment of a scientific and transparent national system for human organ donation and distribution to encourage organ donors.

Trial systems have been launched in 16 of the Chinese mainland's 31 provincial-level regions, and as of March 15, a total of 207 donations have been conducted within this program, saving the lives of over 500 critically ill patients, according to a report in the Friday edition of People's Daily, the flagship newspaper of the Communist Party of China.

Vice Health Minister Huang Jiefu told a conference on Thursday that within three to five years China will abolish the practice of harvesting human organs for transplants from prisoners facing the death penalty.

Huang said China is creating a national organ donation system to reduce its reliance on organ donations from death row inmates and encourage donations from the public. However, according to the newspaper report, there is still no specific timetable for the national program.

Executed prisoners, with their prior consent, are believed to be a major source of transplanted organs.

Efforts to encourage the public to donate organs and widen the legal sources of organs should be the only solution to the current shortage of transplant organs in China, Hao Linna, vice president of the Red Cross Society of China (RCSC), was quoted as saying in the newspaper.

Furthermore, as the government bans organ transplants from living donors, except for close family members such as spouses and blood relatives, in a regulation issued in 2007, a nationwide independent professional panel is also needed to determine eligible donors and the distribution of the donated organs, Hao said.

Statistics from the Ministry of Health show that about 1.5 million people in China need organ transplants, but only some 10,000 transplants are performed annually.

Also, many hospitals have failed, or are reluctant, to identify and report potential organ donors in their operations, especially against the background of strained tensions between doctors and patients in China, Hao said.

The lack of legal organ donors has led to underground networks that profit from illicit organ deals and transplants.

Among the most shocking cases of such deals was a 17-year-old technophile in Anhui province who sold one of his kidneys for 22,000 yuan (3,490 U.S. dollars) through an underground dealer last year, and used the money to buy an iPad 2 and a laptop computer.

A national organ donation system is a complicated one that involves the legal system, human rights and ethical issues, said Zhao Baige, the RCSC's executive vice president.

According to the newspaper, China plans to revise the 2007 regulation this year to further encourage organ donations and supervise transplants.

The health ministry is also working on a system to make the distribution of donated organs more transparent, fair and just, Huang said.

Factors including the candidate recipients' health conditions, waiting time, ages and the matching degree for the transplants will all be considered.

Editor:Wang Lingfei |Source: Xinhua

Hot Videos view more

The celebrations are still continuing as the victorious coach, Joachim Loew, has been honored for his achievement in his hometown of Freiburg.
Germany coach Loew honored in hometown of Freiburg

Chinese men´s national team continued its preparations for next year´s Asian Cup, as they managed a one-all draw against visitors Jordan during a football friendly in Harbin, the capital city of Northeast China´s Heilongjiang Province.
China held to 1-1 draw by Jordan

The defending world champs came into the contest with a perfect 6-and-oh record, but they would be in for a tough first half before opening things up in the second.
USA beat Slovenia 119-76 in quarter-finals

Hot Stories more

UK authorities believe killer of James Foley is a British national

Across the UK the hunt is on for James Foley’s killer, who authorities believe is a British national. As Richard Bestic reports from London, Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his summer break to lead his government’s response.

Israeli war jets renews Gaza strike as truce talks stalled

Three Palestinians were killed and 40 others wounded in the intensive Israeli war jets´ airstrikes on the Gaza city on Tuesday night, shortly before an end of a 24-hour ceasefire in the Gaza Strip,

Missouri police arrest dozens after violent night

As the protests in the town of Ferguson, Missouri turned violent with police facing ´heavy gunfire´ from some ´criminal elements´, cops fired tear gas, stun grenades and arrested 31 demonstrators on Monday night.

Picture in news more

More Video News

Choose TV Program