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Russian draft resolution on Syrian continues support for Annan's mediation efforts: Russian deputy UN envoy

07-12-2012 08:16 BJT Special Report:Crisis in Syria |

UNITED NATIONS, July 11 (Xinhua) -- The draft resolution proposed by Russia on the future of the UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) is focused on continuing support to UN-Arab League Joint Special Envoy Kofi Annan and his six-point plan, Russia's deputy UN envoy Igor Pankin said here on Wednesday.

Pankin's remarks came as he addressed reporters after the UN Security Council's close consultations on Syria where Annan briefed the Council through video link from Geneva.

"Our draft is speaking about continuing support to Kofi Annan's efforts, and his six-point plan....and further support to the implementing of the Geneva communique," said Pankin.

Russia disseminated a draft resolution on Tuesday which proposed extending the mandate of UNSMIS for another three months, reducing the number of military observers and asking the operation to take on a more political mission.

The 15-member Council must decide the future of the UNSMIS by July 20 when its initial 90-day mandate expires. The Security Council approved in April 300 unarmed military observers to monitor a cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties and to monitor and support the full implementation of Kofi Annan's six-point plan to end the conflict in Syria. However, the mission has suspended most of its activities owing to an intensification of armed violence across the country.

"Our draft is not putting actions by Security Council in Chapter VII (of the UN Charter) or in the Chapter VII quoting," he said. "We based ourselves under the assumption and the arrangement that were reached in Geneva that do not speak of any sanctions or any codes of measures."

The Chapter VII of the Charter gives the Council right to employ economic and diplomatic sanctions---not involving the use of armed force---to give effect of its decision and may call member states to apply such measures.

An action group comprising of world powers met in Geneva on June 30 and agreed upon a roadmap that ushered the way for a Syrian-led transition in a joint communique released after the meeting.

Pankin noted that in order to launch future political process in Syria, pressure must be imposed on all parties involved in the crisis including those who support the opposition in Syria by providing material, financial and sometimes, human resources.

"We trust the Security Council to come to a consensus agreement on how to help Special Envoy Kofi Annan and that's not to be necessarily done under Chapter VII. Chapter VII is the last resort; Chapter VII is not very efficient in many occasions," he said. "If there is no political will on behalf of all parties to this very large process, no one-sided actions, especially aimed to the Syrian government, will be helpful in reality."

Meanwhile, Britain and France are working on their own draft resolution on Syria with threat of sanctions.

Lyall Grant, Bristish UN ambassador, told reporters after the briefing that a draft resolution shall be circulating around colleagues this afternoon "which puts the Annan's six--point plan and the transition guidelines from Geneva under Chapter VII to make it clear to the parties that we are insisting on implementation of those commitments, and it therefore includes a clear threat of sanctions if the regime fails in its first step of stopping the use of heavy weapons within a fixed timeline."

The draft, in this context, extends the mandate of a reconfigured UNSMIS along the lines of the Secretary-General's recommendations, he added.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon submitted a report to the Council last Friday and recommended the UNSMIS with a reduced military observer component and focus more on political efforts to end crisis in Syria.

Susan Rice, U.S. permanent representative to the UN, voiced her concerns on the fate of the UNSMIS. "Without this Council taking concrete measures to increase the pressure for the Annan and Geneva plans to be implemented by the government (of Syria), it's not plausible to assume that UNSMIS will be any more able to fulfill its mandate in the future than it is now," she said after the consultations.

She told reporters that the U.S. is working with the British and other colleagues on a draft resolution along the lines that Grant articulated.

Syrian UN ambassador Bashar Ja'afari said the success of Annan' s plan depends greatly on ceasing the arming and funding of the armed groups in Syria as well as the international commitment and honest political will of full implementation of Annan's six-point plan.

He further noted that neither the secretary-general nor the special envoy mentioned any reference to Chapter VII or putting an end to the mission of UNSMIS. "Those who jumped immediately on the idea of adopting something under Chapter VII and making reference to sanctions are not real supportive and genuine supportive of the mission of Kofi Annan."


Editor:Zhang Rui |Source: CNTV.CN

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