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Myanmar strives for enhancement of reproductive healthcare

07-12-2012 11:25 BJT

By Feng Yingqiu

YANGON, July 12 (Xinhua) -- Myanmar is striving to achieve development goals in agenda of International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), providing multi-specialty universal reproductive healthcare which prioritizes mortality rate of infants and children under five and expectant mothers.

Five-year reproductive health strategic plan to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG) related to reproductive health by 2015 have been adopted and is being implemented by the Health Ministry and United Nations agencies.

Myanmar Vice President Sai Mauk Kham stressed on Wednesday's World Population Day commemorative function in Nay Pyi Taw and the need for quality universal reproductive healthcare in the country, saying that great emphasis is to be placed on healthcare and educative measures for mothers and infants to reduce death and ill health of mothers and infants.

According to statistics, Myanmar's mortality rate of mothers has been reduced to 200 per 100,000 infants in 2010 from 520 in 1990. Though, about 2,000 mothers lose lives each year by pregnancy-related problems.

A nationwide birth and reproductive health survey revealed that the ratio of the unmarried has increased and the marrying age becomes gradually higher.

Unmarried youths and most adults in the reproductive years may act in harmful manner, it was warned, emphasizing the need to pay more attention to prevent death and ill health caused by unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion.

He stressed the need for dissemination of knowledge on family planning among the people, calling on government departments concerned and non-governmental organizations (NGO) to raise awareness about reproductive health as an education for young people as the government has also included the reproductive health in the curriculum for students.

In Myanmar, NGOs such as Myanmar Medical Association and Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association are actively participating in the drive for educative activities for reproductive health and sexually transmitted diseases and also providing counselling services.

"Couples have understood that their decision on the number of children and birth spacing plays a key role in reducing mortality rate of women in pregnancy and illness and this acceptance would help to achieve the future tasks of the ICPD and the reproductive health service for every one, one goal of MDGs of the UN, " Sai said.

To achieve the goals of the ICPD program of action plan and MDGs, Myanmar has been cooperating with world nations with emphasis on universal access to reproductive health.

There are about 16 million women of reproductive age in about 60 million population of Myanmar.

The 2008 constitution grants rights for mothers, children and expectant mothers and the national health policies promise universal health services and healthcare.

Myanmar prescribes no limited number of children in a family. It depends on individual choice.

Commonly, urbanites with reproductive health knowledge conceive one or two children, while rural population have unlimited number of children traditionally regarding them as the jewels.


Editor:James |Source: Xinhua

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