Historians have urged for greater efforts to protect the western sections of the Great Wall in the wake of an official survey of the historic structure.
From July 6 and 12, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the country's top political advisory body, arranged for experts to check the condition of the Wall in Gansu province, which holds an estimated 3,600 km of the total length of 21,196.18 km of Great Wall built in different dynasties.
The team visited 10 major sites in five cities, including Dingxi, Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiayuguan and Jiuquan.
They were alarmed at the condition of the Wall, built in the dynasties of Qin (221-206 BC), Han (206BC-220) and Ming (1368-1644).
Unlike eastern parts of the Great Wall in Beijing, Hebei and Liaoning, which were mostly constructed with stones and bricks, the sections in Gansu were built with tamped earth. After centuries of erosion from fierce wind and frequent sandstorms, they have become extremely fragile.
In Weiyuan county, some parts built in the Warring States Period (475-221BC) have been merged with surrounding cropland, while another 200-km-long section built in the Ming Dynasty in Dingxi city has suffered weather damage, collapse and biological damage over a long period.
"The Great Wall in Gansu is facing both natural and human damage," said Yang Huifu, head of the Gansu Bureau of Cultural Relics, adding that some of the wall has been swept away by torrential rain and heavy wind.
Yang said that in recent years, authorities have seen limited damage to the wall from humans, but that such problems remained in some areas.
The research group believes that while western sections of the Wall are less attractive to tourists, the structure and the cultural relics that continue to be unearthed alongside it must be preserved as crucial material for China's historical, geographical, political and cultural research.
Besides the problems with geography and weather, other problems the experts encountered with the preservation of the western Wall include a lack of research personnel and protective technology, according to Duan Qingbo, a researcher with Northwest University in Shaanxi province.
Duan said that the dozen researchers from Dunhuang Academy assigned with taking care of the remaining sections scattered in the province are not enough.
Meanwhile, the experts suggested that awareness must be raised among local residents, as well as tourism operators, of the need to protect cultural relics.
"The protection of the ancient Great Wall sections in western China is a difficult problem," Duan said, adding that new systems and all-around efforts from society are needed if it is to be successful.
Construction of the Great Wall, listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987, began during the reign of China's first emperor, Qin Shihuang (259-210BC), to keep out foreign invaders. It passes through 10 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in northern China, including Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu and Qinghai.
Xinhua in Lanzhou
- Beijing to open more Great Wall sections to tourism 2012-06-09
- Precise length of Great Wall: 21,196.18 km 2012-06-06
- China's Great Wall is 21,196 km long: survey 2012-06-05