Assessment of the World Heritage Committee
The World Heritage Committee believes that Mount Sanqingshan shows special granite columns and peaks in such a relatively small area. The remarkable granite rock formations combined with diverse forests, changeable landscapes, and striking meteorological effects have created a unique aesthetic landscape effect and exceptional natural beauty.
Chinese name: Jiang Xi San Qing Shan
English name: Mount Sanqingshan National Park
Based on the standards C(I)(IV)(VI) for selecting world cultural heritage, Mount Sanqingshan in Jiangxi Province was listed in the World Heritage List in July, 2008.
Mount Sanqingshan is located in the northeast of Shangrao County in Jiangxi Province, which is known as “the top peak and the best place in the world.” The main peak is named Yujing Peak and is 1,817 meters above sea level. Mount Sanqingshan got its name because the Yujing, Yuhua and Yuxu peaks are lined just like the “Three Pure Ones” (Yuqing, Shangqing and Taiqing) sit on the mountains. Mount Sanqingshan experienced a geological movement that lasted 1.4 billion years before the rare granite peak landforms were finally formed. Odd-shaped peaks and spectacular stones, ancient trees and famous flowers, splendid springs and waterfalls, and cloud seas and mist are known as the four wonders of the mountain. Furthermore, Mount Sanqingshan also characterizes itself by its natural mountain view and the Taoist manmade landscapes. Forty-eight odd-shaped peaks, 52 strange stones and more than 500 landscapes have been developed. In August, 1988, Mount Sanqingshan was approved by the State Council to become a key national scenic spot, and it covers a total area of 229 square kilometers with its highest peak, Yujing Peak, standing at 1,817 meters above sea level. The chairman of the National Park Foundation of the United States visited Mount Sanqingshan in August, 1997 and said, “Mount Sanqingshan is an excellent natural landform and it is one of the treasures of human beings.” The mountain is also a religious place for Taoists from all ages and has attracted many famous Taoists since Ge Hong from the Jin Dynasty.
Wang Jian, from the Xinzhou period of the Tang Dynasty (873—888), was appointed to the north of Mount Sanqingshan where he was attracted by the beautiful scenery and the comfortable environment. He moved his family to the area after he retired from the government. In the Song Dynasty, Wang Jian’s descendant Wang Lin helped build Taoist temples and the Mount Sanqingshan became a Taoist fairyland. In the Jingtai Period of the Ming Dynasty (1450-1456), Wang Hu, a descendant of Wang Lin, rebuilt Mount Sanqingshan and asked Taoist Zhan Biyun to help him with the construction.
Mount Sanqingshan Scenic Spot has abundant resources and many wonderful types of scenery. The layout of the landscape is dangerous in the east, odd in the west, unique in the south, and beautiful in the north. Qin Mu, a famous poet in China, praised Mount Sanqingshan as “the hometown of the clouds and mist and the gallery of the pines and stones,” and Zhu Chang, who is a famous scenic expert and professor at Tsinghua University said, “After visiting Mount Sanqingshan and Mount Huangshan and Taishan, the scenery of the former is surely better than the latter.” Famous people throughout history such as Wang Anshi, Zhu Xi and Su Dongpo have all left their mark on Mount Sanqingshan.