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Beijing vows to reduce the world's poverty

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

12-02-2015 16:10 BJT

Full coverage: Panview:President Xi US visit attend UN summit

By Gu Jianjun, post doctorate of Central Compilation and Translation Bureau

Our society wishes to eradicate poverty. As the world's largest developing country, China has achieved much on poverty relief efforts. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, Beijing has led campaigns to reduce poverty. Over the past three decades after the opening up and reform, over 700 million rural residents nationwide have escaped poverty.


China was the first developing country to meet the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target of reducing the population living in poverty by half ahead of its 2015 deadline.

The 2015 UN MDG Report disclosed that the number of ‘extreme poor’ population in the world had decreased from 1.9 billion in 1990 to 836 million in 2015, with China's contribution rate accounting for 70 percent of the total. 

Nevertheless, poverty alleviation is still the biggest challenge for the world. At the UN development summit in Sept., the 2015 post-development agenda on poverty relief was passed, demonstrating the world's resolution.

Poverty alleviation remains an arduous task for China. At the end of last year, China had 70.17 million people living in rural areas below the poverty line of 2,300 yuan (376 U.S. dollars) in annual income.

The Chinese government has paid much attention to poverty relief work, while high-level poverty relief meetings were held with measures issued to the public.

On Oct.16, the 2015 Poverty Reduction and Development Forum was held in Beijing. Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech titled, "Join hands to shake off poverty and promote common development." On Nov.23, the meeting passed a resolution on "Decision to Win the Battle against Poverty."

On Nov.27-28, a high-profile conference on poverty alleviation and development convened in Beijing. Top Party leader Xi Jinping mandated that no single poor region or an individual living in poverty would be left behind by 2020.

The conference was attended by senior leaders of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the central government, and major provincial-level officials. It was the first such high-level meeting held after the Fifth Plenum of 18th CPC Central Committee.

Xi urged governments at all levels to carry out more targeted and precise measures to ensure the poor people in rural areas have access to food, clothes, basic education, medical care, and safe home.

Local governments and officials, particularly those of underdeveloped regions, should make poverty alleviation the top priority in the next five years' work, Xi demanded.

Beijing vows to help the remaining 70 million poor people shake off poverty and enjoy essential social services by 2020, when its next five-year-plan is completed. The building of a 'moderately prosperous society' hinges eliminating poverty, an endeavor, which has entered its last-minute dash.

It's good news for the 70 million Chinese poor. China appears likely to achieve the UN's 2030 poverty relief target, 10 years ahead of schedule. Meanwhile, China's experiences in poverty alleviation could help the world's other nations meet their poverty reduction targets as well.


( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )



Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.


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