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Year-ender: Chinese FM on international situation and China's diplomacy in 2015③

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

12-16-2015 16:46 BJT

[Editor's note] As 2015 is drawing to an end and 2016 is on the way, how do observers and researchers in foreign affairs and international politics fields, as well as ordinary readers consider the changes in the world situation and international pattern? How do they see China's diplomacy and the role of China in the world today? The answer might be as the old Chinese saying goes: The benevolent see benevolence and the wise see wisdom.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi delivered a speech entitled "The Year of Comprehensively Promoting the Major-Country Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics" at the 2015 Forum on the International Situation and China's Diplomacy held during the weekend in Beijing.

Based on his speech, CNTV compiled a series under three topics to share with our readers to help politicians, think tanks, other readers to better understand China and its foreign policy that promote China to work jointly with other countries to add positive energy to a changing world in 2016. This is the third and last part.

China is integrating a development strategy. 2015 is the year of the "Belt and Road" initiative. Beijing is connecting nations along the road; signing "Belt and Road" agreements with more than 20 countries.  Despite a global depression, the "Belt and Road" has ushered in new hope for Eurasia to spur global economic development.

 

The initiative made its first remarkable move in Eurasia, its birthplace. Beijing and Moscow have coordinated development strategies, signed a joint statement on the Silk Road Economic Belt and Eurasian economic alliance, enlisted the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as the main platform to promote the initiative.

Beijing has signed agreements with nearly all Central Asian and Transcaucasian countries. The annual prime minister meeting of SCO was held on December 14-15 in Zhengzhou, central China. The initiative has connected Chinese and European development more closely.

The two sides have decided  to dock the Road and Belt initiative and the European investment plan and mulled the establishment of a China-Europe mutual investment fund. China and Britain have discussed how the "Belt and Road" can upgrade British infrastructure, especially in northern England. Beijing and Berlin have endorsed "Made in China 2025" and "Germany's Industry 4.0."

Central and Eastern European countries are the eastern gateway of Europe. China signed the "Belt and Road" initiative memorandum of understanding (MOU) between countries, including Portland, Czech Republic and Hungary, to cooperate among three harbor areas along the Adriatic, Baltic and Black Seas. They are exploring mutual connections and communications to accelerate the China-Europe land-sea express and the Hungary-Serbia Railways.

The "Belt and Road" has built a prosperous Asia together. In Northeast Asia - China and South Korea - support four development strategies. China and Mongolia would connect the Silk Road with the Grasslands Road. China, Mongolia and Russia would construct economic corridors and they have signed a mid-term roadmap of trilateral cooperation.

In Southeast Asia, China and Indonesia are connecting development strategies; China and Vietnam have accelerated consultations on the "Belt and Road" and Two Corridors and One Ring; China and Singapore are opening up a third-party market.

China-Southeast Asia cooperation projects underway are: China-Indonesia Djakarta-Bandung High-speed Railways project fixed, China-Laos and China-Thailand railways starting soon, China-Vietnam railways under planning, and Trans-Asian Railway Network was initiated.

In South Asia, China and India have strengthened construction cooperation for "Belt and Road," the China-Pakistan economic corridor have been introduced, while numerous other projects have been launched.

The Bangladesh-China-India-Burma economic corridor was initiated, acting as a major passage to connect East and South Asia.

Promoting global capacity and equipment manufacturing can enhance mutual benefits for all involved. Beijing signed capacity cooperation agreements with more than 20 countries among Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe.

China and Kazakhstan highlighted capacity cooperation, fixing 45 Early Harvest Programs with total revenue expected to be more than USD 20 billion. In Latin America, Beijing has set up a special capacity cooperation fund of USD 30 billion and China-Brazil bilateral capacity cooperation fund of USD 20 billion.

Beijing instituted the first China-Africa capacity cooperation fund of USD 100 billion and signed an MOU of Three Networks and Industrialization with the African Union (AU).

Beijing will build industrial parks, cross-border economic cooperation parks and port-neighboring industrial parks. China and France, China and Korea have agreed to develop third-party markets.

Additionally, innovations on diplomatic theory have been deepened to refresh Beijing's ideas. Building new international relations based on cooperation and win-win results as the core, which was endorsed by the Communist Party of China Central Committee at the Foreign Affairs Work Meeting last year. Beijing is forging a Community of Human Destiny.  From the Bo'ao Forum for Asia to UN summits, Xi Jinping has delivered speeches on the theme to establish mutual treatment to create fairness and justice.

Development prospects should focus on openness, innovation, and tolerance to embrace diversity and an ecological system that respects green development. As the starting year of the 13th Five Year Plan, 2016 would accelerate reform.

China's diplomatic thinking has enhanced global responsibilities that forge a well-off society and write a new chapter for world peace and development. Beijing would make every effort to lead the global economy, support regional development and commit itself to the happiness of the Chinese people.

 

( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )

 

 

Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.


 

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