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DPRK's hydrogen bomb test endangers Northeast Asia

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

01-07-2016 16:49 BJT

By Han Xudong, National Defense University

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) announced on Jan. 6 that it had successfully carried out its first hydrogen bomb test, which grasped close attention on the Asia-Pacific Region and relevant international organizations. What's worse, it will severely impact the regional and international security situation.


During the Cold War, the international community established a nuclear order allowing the United States, Russia (former Soviet Union), United Kingdom, France and China to legally possess nuclear weapons.

The other countries are forbidden to own them. Nuclear states have promised to gradually stop nuclear tests, and not support non-nuclear countries to develop nuclear weapons. The international nuclear non-proliferation order has been formed.

After the Cold War, it has been the common consensus to contain nuclear dispersal and reduce nuclear threats.

In 1998, the nuclear explosion of India and Pakistan enhanced the joint efforts of the international community to formulate concrete measures to restraint nuclear proliferation. The DPRK's hydrogen bomb test escalated the nuclear test after the Cold War and had broken the nuclear non-proliferation order.

The Korean War in the 1950s still didn't sign a peace agreement, and the Korean Peninsula has been in a "state of war." The confrontation between the DPRK and the US extended to allies of Washington (Japan and South Korea) in Northeast Asia.

The previous three nuclear tests of the DPRK have already provoked attention from South Korea and Japan. The DPRK's so-called hydrogen bomb test is an upgrade nuclear test, a development to a higher-stage of nuclear capability, which will drive Seoul and Tokyo closer to developing nuclear weapons on their own.

If the international society fails to contain the momentum, the DPRK's hydrogen bomb test would deteriorate the nuclear safety situation in Northeast Asia.

The nuclear weapons could enrich both conventional and nuclear military capabilities of a country. With increasing nuclear military capabilities of the DPRK, South Korea and Japan would face rising threats and may upgrade conventional military capabilities to maintain order.

The conventional military capabilities in Northeast Asia  will be unbalanced. Under such conditions, a malformed military pattern would appear: the DPRK possesses preponderant nuclear military capabilities; South Korea and Japan own powerful conventional military capabilities. This is a fragile "balance," which is dangerous to Northeast Asia's stability.

The DPRK's hydrogen bomb test belittled the six-party talk mechanism, showing its failure of targets. Since the six parties have not talked for many years, it is urgent to start again. The six-party talk mechanism is still one of the most powerful measures to resolve the DPRK nuclear issue. 

At present, global military "hot issues" constantly turn up. Among which, the DPRK nuclear issue is the most sensitive one and is likely to damage the security and stability in northeast Asia. Interests of multiple major countries have gotten involved in the Northeast Asia region.

It is urgent to maintain the security situation of the Korean Peninsula.


( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )



Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

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