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Xi's Egypt visit touts peace and the development

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

01-21-2016 16:31 BJT

By Dai Xiaoqi, Professor of Arab Academy in Beijing International Studies University

60 years ago, Western colonialism in the Arab world was collapsing. The late Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai had proposed the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence at the Bandung Conference, which promoted the national independence for Arab countries.


And 60 years later, a new political landscape is brewing in the Arab World. Arab countries still hold strong geo-political and natural resources advantages, although it has never achieved lasting peace and development.

The region stands in urgent need of wisdom, great ideas, new strength and a better environment. Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Iran this week, to discuss development prospects in the Middle East.

Peace and development are the major themes for Arab countries, since the Middle East has often been embroiled in wars, including in Iraq and Syria.

After the Cold War, the United States had sparked democracy movements in the region and forced massive privatization, which had contributed to the Arab industrial system crash that lead to more social upheavals.

Accordingly, Arab nations could establish a peaceful and stable environment. But now, the Arab world supports the "Belt and Road" Initiative.

In fact, Arab energy could support China's rapid economic development, while Chinese imports of daily necessities would satisfy the need of Arab people. To promote Sino-Arab cooperation, the two sides established the China-Arab Cooperation Forum in 2004, and a strategic partnership in 2010.

In January, 2016, Beijing published "China's Arab Policy Paper,"  which shows China's willingness to coordinate development strategies with Arab states and put into play each other's advantages and potentials. 

Egypt's population accounts for a quarter of the Arab world. Sino-Egypt relations are the core of Sino-Arab relations. Egypt has overcome prior upheavals to maintain stability.

In July 2013, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi introduced tough measures that ended street chaos. He restored domestic order and production activities. But to eliminate the root causes of "revolution", and to realize the "Egypt dream", the country requires huge capital and advanced technology to restore Egypt's prominent status to international affairs.

Egypt has relied on Gulf countries for financial support, but other Gulf countries struggle with regional disputes along with a collapse in oil prices. It's difficult for them to continue supporting Egypt.

The Cici regime is asking for funds and moral support from the international community, while China offers strong capital, technology and overall national strength.   

In fact, when Cici started to run for presidency, he said he would attach importance to relations with Beijing; to learn from China's experiences and development model, and to use Chinese investment and technology to promote Egypt's industrialization.
He visited China twice last year to prepare for Xi's visit to Egypt. Additionally, the "Belt and Road" will stride across the Middle East, and Egypt would be one of the dual-core Arab countries, along with Saudi Arabia.

Beijing has sent envoys to meet Egypt three times last year, and intensive consultations have boosted Sino-Egyptian relations to a comprehensive strategic partnership. Xi's visit to Egypt marks the top-level design of China-Egypt and China-Arab relations.

With construction of the Cairo Metro, as well as moving ahead on the second phase construction of China- Egyptian Free Trade Areas, the "China Dream" and "Egyptian Dream" will be more closely linked. They will step onto a new level of a comprehensive strategic cooperation partnership.


( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )



Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

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