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Vietnam Communist Party successfully ends 12th National Congress

Editor: Tong Xinxin 丨CCTV.com

01-29-2016 16:58 BJT

Exclusive Interview with Researcher Ling Dequan of Center for World Affairs Studies, Xinhua News Agency

The highly-anticipated 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) had concluded with success on January 28. CNTV’s reporter Li Shouen interviewed researcher Ling Dequan at the Center for World Affairs Studies of Xinhua News Agency.

Reporter: What are the main achievements of the 12th National Congress of CPV?

Ling Dequan (Ling hereafter): Let’s first talk about the background of the 12th National Party Congress. Vietnam's 30 years of reform and opening up have been universally acknowledged. However, the cause of renovation in Vietnam is to face many new challenges.

The complex changes in the international environment have caused much impact on every nation. Vietnam is no exception.

According to Vietnam’s conclusion, the 8-day 12th National Party Congress achieved "very complete success." The highlights can be summarized as resolving two major issues.

The Party Congress had completed the largest rotation of the former and new leadership in CPV’s history and elected a new leadership of the Party organization and core leadership.

Additionally, it had also determined the future direction and goals.

Reporter: What are some details about specific characteristics of personnel changes after the 12th National Party Congress?

Ling: 1,510 representatives participating in the Congress elected 180 members and 20 alternate members, who consist of the twelfth Central Committee and 19-member Central Committee Politburo, with Nguyen Phu Trong re-elected as General Secretary.The Politburo leadership is characterized by a combination of senior, medium and young officials. The most senior one, General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, is an "exception", who was re-elected with nearly 100 percent of the vote. There are 11 newcomers aged 50-60 years, and the youngest one is only 45-years-old.

Tran Dai Quang was nominated as Head of State, Nguyen Xuan Phuc was nominated as Premier, Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan was nominated as Chairman of the Congress.

These nominations will be finalized by votes at the first meeting of the Fourteenth Congress in June.

Over the next five years or longer, Vietnam's leadership has been basically clear. This solves a major problem of the succession and replacement of the ruling Party in its personnel organization.

Reporter: "What flag to hold, and what road to take" for Vietnam in the future?

Ling: The Party Constitution of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Vietnamese Constitution have stated clearly the ruling status of the CPV. This is also an attacking target of various hostile forces, who advocate "multi-party opposition," "political pluralism", and engage in "subversive riot" or "peaceful evolution," of even instigate "color revolution" to overthrow the leadership of the ruling position of the CPV.

CPV General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong delivered a key report for the 12th National Party Congress at the opening ceremony.

Entitled, "Strengthening the construction of pure, powerful Party; mobilizing forces of the whole nation and  socialist democracy; promoting the innovative cause and defending the motherland, firmly safeguarding peaceful and stable environment;  striving to build a modernized industrial country as early as possible."

Now, we understand the central "policy agenda" of the new CPV leadership.

To carry out the goals, it won’t be plain sailing. But the new CPV leadership has a clear understanding of the challenges ahead.

The Vietnamese are familiar with an old Chinese saying, "Coping with shifting events by sticking to a fundamental principle. " The CPV will adhere to the road, direction and goals of "national independence and socialism" determined by President Ho Chi Minh.

Reporter: The Western media speculated that there were “intense power struggles” between the "conservatives" and "reformers," or "pro-China faction" and "pro-American faction. " What really happened?

Ling: There are indeed some thought-provoking phenomenon before and during Congress: The Western media had deliberately divided factions within the Communist Party of Vietnam, to instigate false rumors.

Authoritative Vietnamese have refuted these claims, branding them as conspiracies trying to "split the Party" and "sabotage the 12th Congress."

Vietnam is a unified country, and the CPV is a ruling Party with more than 4.5 million members. Yes, there are some internal disagreements within any nation or a political party. This should be properly and independently addressed by the country or a political party. Reporter: How does China view the 12th National Party Congress? How will Sino-Vietnamese relations develop in the future?

Ling: The Communist Party of China’s Central Committee sent a congratulatory message to the CPV Congress. On January 28, General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a message to Nguyen Phu Trong,  congratulating him on his re-election.

Last year, Beijing and Hanoi had witnessed frequent high-level bilateral visits, top leaders of the two parties exchanged in-depth views and reached broad consensus on further development of bilateral relations.

China and Vietnam are friendly neighbors adjoining by waters and mountains. The two nations have an identical political system, similar development path, along with related fate and future. They are a community of common destiny of strategic significance.

Beijing attaches importance to developing relations with Hanoi. Beijing will work with the Vietnamese side to uphold "long-term stability, future orientation, good-neighborly friendship and comprehensive cooperation" and spirit of "good neighbors, good friends, good comrades and good partners", and to promote sustained, healthy and stable development under a comprehensive strategic partnership.

The two sides would make new contributions to the peace, cooperation, development and prosperity of Asia and the world.


( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )



Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.


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