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DPRK deserves sanctions, but peace talks should go on

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

03-03-2016 17:46 BJT

By Gao Haorong, Research fellow of Center for World Affairs Studies, Xinhua News Agency

The United Nations Security Council has adopted a resolution on March 2 that imposes new sanctions on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in order to curb the country's nuclear and missile programs.

 

The resolution was unanimously adopted by 15 members of the council in response to the DPRK's nuclear test on Jan. 6 and a satellite launch on Feb. 7. It is the 6th sanction resolution on DPRK since its first missile and nuclear tests were conducted in 2006.

Compared to prior sanctions, the new resolution was stricter with a wider range and more symbolic significance.

The resolution includes a ban on all exports from the DPRK of coal, iron, iron ore, gold, titanium ore, vanadium ore and rare earth metals. It also places a prohibition on supply of all types of aviation fuel, including rocket fuel, to the DPRK.

Moreover, it requires states to inspect all cargo going to and from the DPRK. The resolution also imposes an asset freeze on all funds and other economic resources owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the DPRK government or by the Workers' Party of Korea, if found to be associated with its nuclear or ballistic missile programs or any other prohibited activities.

The resolution tightens the arms embargo measures on the DPRK and updates a longer list of sanctions on personnel including freezing assets and travel ban.

All these bans aim to cut off funds that could support the DPRK to research and develop nuclear weapons and missiles. It is a comprehensive plan with orientation in economic and financial sanctions to force the DPRK to pay the price and abandon nuclear tests finally.

The DPRK's nuclear tests and missile launch not only violated the previous resolutions of UN Security Council but also destroyed the international nuclear non-proliferation balance. It worsened the Korean Peninsula situation, endangered regional peace and stability, and damaged the interests of neighboring countries. The DPRK deserves sanctions.

However, it is questionable if the sanctions can stop the DPRK's nuclear tests. Facts in the past ten years proved that sanctions not only failed, but also sparked Pyongyang's anger and they had accelerated its nuclear development.

Accordingly, sanctions cannot resolve problems, which serve as a means not the objective. It remains unknown about the DPRK's response to the new sanctions. Pyongyang has fired off several short-range projectiles into eastern waters just after the new resolution was announced.

It maybe Pyongyang's first response. Judging from experience, it is not surprising for Pyongyang to take some violent responses and anti-sanction measures.

Currently, the new sanctions resolution, DPRK's anti-sanction actions and the upcoming large-scale military exercise between the United States and South Korea mix and ferment, which complicate the regional situation and could easily trigger conflicts.

It is of pivotal importance for related parties to exert restraint and stay calm. Most disputes are resolved through negotiations even during war. It is true that the DPRK nuclear issue has ignited more pressure, confrontation and conflicts.

Beijing has put forward a proposal of pursuing parallel tracks on the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula: the denuclearization and the replacement of the Korean armistice with a peace agreement. This proposal considers interests of related parties and conforms with the UN Security Council's commitment to a peaceful, diplomatic and political solution to the situation. It is a useful exploration to solve the problem peacefully through talks. It doesn't matter if some countries don't understand this proposal. The related parties can sit and supplement it. If some country can offer a better plan, Beijing is happy to accept it. Talks can be the way out, for it is the central theme of the era.

 

( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )

 

 

Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.


 

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