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Why did Washington dispatch aircraft carrier fleet to South China Sea?

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

03-07-2016 15:18 BJT

By Han Xudong, professor, Strategy Department, National Defense University

At the beginning of March, the United States dispatched an aircraft carrier fleet to the South China Sea, which created another "hot issue" for the turbulent Asian-Pacific region.

Apparently, the aircraft carrier fleet was used to interfere with the South China Sea issue, but its actual purpose is to construct a new military order for Washington in the Asian-Pacific.

During the Cold War, the two super powers, the US and the Soviet Union, had constructed the world's military order. Along with the decline of Moscow, Washington has attempted to build a new military order, especially in the Asian-Pacific after an upheaval of Eastern Europe and disintegration of the Soviet Union.

After the Kosovo War, the US had consolidated its leadership over regional security of Europe. As Russia had been declining and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) had successfully expanded to the east, Washington has begun to adjust its global strategy to the Orient.

However, Washington has failed to change its focus of global hegemony strategy from Europe to the Asian-Pacific region. It has failed to build its leadership in a new military order in the Middle East no matter through wars or "Color Revolutions."

Meanwhile, an increasing number of countries in the Asian-Pacific have boosted their military powers, which may obstruct Washington's ambitions of a new order. Accordingly, Washington has put forward the Asian-Pacific "re-balance" strategy, laying the foundation for adjusting its global hegemony strategy.

Problems, such as terrorism in the Middle East and the Ukraine crisis, have greatly contained Washington's moves. Besides, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) had carried out a "hydrogen bomb" test on Jan. 6 and the long-distance missile test on Feb. 7.

Meanwhile, Beijing has accelerated military reform, which will quickly improve its military capabilities responding to wars. And if the New Security Bill would come into effect later this year, Japan's military strength will been enhanced, which would add to further difficulties for Washington to control Tokyo.

Such awkward situations have pushed Washington to take actions. Washington has tried to strengthen relations with the Republic of Korea by attempting to deploy a THAAD system and to increase its military presence in the country by building a new military base on Jeju Island.

Washington has tried to strengthen its military ties with Tokyo by conducting joint military exercises with the Japanese militia to "despoil islands" and has expanded its military base in Okinawa to maintain a stronger military presence in the country. 

Washington signed a Logistical Support Agreement with India to guarantee its military presence in the India Ocean, and to strengthen bilateral military relations through joint military exercises. What's more, the United States, Japan and India will conduct joint military exercises in waters near the Philippines later this year.

There are three objectives for the US to dispatch its aircraft carrier fleet at the South China Sea: To encourage countries, which have maritime conflicts with China; to show off Washington's strength and to awe some Asian-Pacific countries to listen to Washington; force Beijing to accept Washington's military deployments in an attempt to build its new military order in the Asian-Pacific.

 

( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )

 

 

Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

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