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Overseas views on NPC & CPPCC: Chinese diplomacy safeguards the Asia-Pacific

Editor: Li Kun 丨CCTV.com

03-10-2016 16:22 BJT

Full coverage: 2016 NPC & CPPCC Sessions

Editor's note: The National People's Congress (NPC), China's top parliamentary body, and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), China's top political advisory body, convene its annual sessions, known as the "two sessions" on March 3-15 2016, which marks a pivotal year as the nation continues on to embark with its reforms and opening up policy, shifting towards a "New Normal" for economic growth rates, starting its 13th Five-Year Plan for social and economic development over the next five years and confronting challenges on the foreign policy front. How will the NPC address those concerns? What do foreign experts and Overseas Chinese say? The Panview Column of CNTV has invited some of them to express their views on major issues to be discussed at the ongoing two sessions.

By Liu Chang, Visiting scholar of Warwick University, research direction focuses on China-US relations, Chinese diplomacy and international security

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi outlined Beijing's major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics on March 8 on the sidelines of the national legislative session. Over the past three years, Chinese President Xi Jinping supported major-country diplomacy, which has achieved fruitful results. He defended the nation's sovereignty and territorial integrity, safeguarding personal and property safety of overseas Chinese, as well as contributing to regional peace and stability.

 

China's "friends' circle" has grown much larger. For a long time, some countries have speculated on Beijing's construction on its islands in the South China Sea. The United States, which is not one of the disputing countries, has touted the banner of "navigation freedom."

Washington went into hysterics with China's national defense construction in the South China Sea, attempting to smear the country as the "chief culprit" to provoke militarization in the region. The US claimed to be a victim, claiming its aircraft carrier was besieged by China's warships in the South China Sea.    

However, it is China's safety and sovereignty that are challenged most here. Wang said, "Freedom of navigation does not mean doing whatever you want." China is not the first country to deploy weapons in the Nansha Islands and not the country, which possesses the most weapons and conducts the most frequent military activities.

Some American experts claimed that China's national defense activities would go athwart. Shannon Tiezzi, an American expert on South China Sea issue, wrote that it was wrong to criticize Beijing's militarization of South China Sea based on China's military deployment on the Yongxing Island. China would never ask for new territory, but would also not allow losing an inch of land.

Beijing supports regional peace and stability. Its national sovereignty has close connections with regional hot security issues. Beijing is striving to break a new path and to coordinate it with national security. Meanwhile, the  Democratic People's Repubic of Korea (DPRK) nuclear issue has caught the world's attention and the security of the Northeast Asian region was greatly challenged. Accordingly, Beijing has proposed new thoughts to resolve the problem.

China reaffirms its support for the No.2270 resolution of the United Nations Security Council, accepting that sanctions are an essential means to maintain stability as an urgent matter, but negotiations remain necessary. Blind sanctions and pressures against Pyongyang have negatively impacted the Korean peninsula's future.

Beijing seeks to pursue parallel tracks on the nuclear issue: The denuclearization and replacement of the Korean armistice with a peace agreement. China is open to any proposals that can return the denuclearization issue to the negotiations table. Hence, Beijing's major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics is innovative and credible to maintain regional stability.

Wang described Sino-DPRK relations as "normal relations between countries with deep traditional friendship." China values ties of friendship but sticks to principles. Only denuclearization can bring peace to the Korean peninsula. China has increasingly used mechanisms to maintain common interests of related parties to tackle regional security issues, neutralizing divergences and conflicts to form permanent protections.

Beijing has set up the China-ASEAN Maritime Cooperation Fund; started negotiations on "South China Sea Behavior Standards" and wrote two consensus files to formulate  "preventive measures for maritime risk management and control", "maritime emergency diplomatic hotline" and "maritime joint search-and rescue hotline."

Even though some countries stood in the way of China's efforts, Beijing has the capability and confidence to guarantee peaceful development of the South China Sea with ASEAN countries. 

Additionally, China's overseas consular protection work has made significant progress over the past three years. There are over 30,000 Chinese enterprises located all over the world and millions of Chinese residing and working abroad.

In 2015, China's non-financial outward foreign direct investment had reached 118 billion US dollars. Accumulated overseas assets have stood at several trillion US dollars. It is an urgent task to maintain China's increasing overseas interests.

The national interests are in the interests of the people. An individual's safety is part of national security. Facing more safety appeals from overseas Chinese, enterprises and institutes, China has enhanced construction of overseas consular protections and explored ways to safeguard them in line with the age.

Statistics from the Foreign Ministry showed that there were more than 80,000 consular protections and assistance cases in 2015. Apparently Chinese diplomacy will work out new ideas, initiate a new situation of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, and lead China to the center of the world's stage under Xi Jinping's leadership.

 

Liu Chang, Visiting scholar of Warwick University, research direction focuses on China-US relations, Chinese diplomacy and international security

( The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Panview or CCTV.com. )

 

 

Panview offers a new window of understanding the world as well as China through the views, opinions, and analysis of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

Panview offers an alternative angle on China and the rest of the world through the analyses and opinions of experts. We also welcome outside submissions, so feel free to send in your own editorials to "globalopinion@vip.cntv.cn" for consideration.

 

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