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10-08-2010 12:40 BJT

Artistic Gymnastics

Artistic Gymnastics

In the 1st Olympic 1896 there were some gymnastic disciplines. It became the official competition sport in the 7th Asian Games in 1974, Tehran, Iran.

Men's gymnastic programmes

Floor Exercise

The field is 12x12m. Floor exercise is made of a whole exercises, mainly acrobatics exercise. Gymnast must finish it within 50-70 seconds. Floor exercise has strict request on acrobatic and holding position movements, such as a connecting part of acrobatic forward and backward, the holding position request a comparative difficulty.

Pommel Horse

Pommel Horse is 1.05m high, with the ring 12cm tall. Pommel Horse exercise is characterised by different types of circular swings with legs apart and together in a variety of support positions on all parts of the horse, single leg swing and/or scissors. Swings through the handstand position, with or without turns, are permitted. All elements must be executed with swing and without the slightest interruption of the exercise. Strength and hold elements are not permitted.


The apparatus is 2.60m high. An exercise on the Rings is composed of swing, strength and hold parts in approximately equal portions. These parts and combination are executed in a hang position, to or through a support position, or to or through the handstand position, and execution with straight arms should be predominant. Contemporary gymnastic exercises are characterised by transitions between elements of swing and strength or the reverse. The swinging or the cables and the crossing of the cables are not permitted.


The height of the apparatus is 1.35m for men. Each vault begins with a run and a take of from both feet (with or without a round of) to the vault board with legs together and is executed with a brief support phase on the table with one or two hands. The maximum distance of the approach run is 25m. The approach is allowed to be interrupted, but not to go back and run again. A scale of flight and landing distance is required.

Parallel Bars

The apparatus is 1.80m high. It is made up of a set of swing and fly elements, and performed with continuous transitions through various hand and support positions.

Horizontal Bar

The apparatus is 2.60m high. Horizontal Bar exercise must be a dynamic presentation that consist entirely of the fluid connection of swinging, turning, and flight elements alternating between elements performed near to and far from the bar in a variety of hand grips.

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