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10-08-2010 15:33 BJT

Shooting originated hunting and military affairs. It was competed in the first Olympics in 1896. In the 2nd Asian Games, it acted firstly as an official sport in 1954, Manila.

Each discipline consists of a qualification and a final round. The first 6 or first 8 competitors are qualified for the final. The score in the final round is added to the competitor's score in the qualification round and the winner is the competitor with the most points at the end of the match.

The rules of shooting vary according to the discipline, distance, type of target, firing position, the number of shots, and the time within which the shots have to be fired.

In qualification round, paper or electric target can be used. In final round, electric target approved by ISSF must be used. The size of target varies in accordance with the different event and distance.

Firing position:

Rifle: shooters fire from either a prone, a standing, or a kneeling position.

Pistol: shooters fire from a standing position and must hold and fire the gun with one hand, with wrist clearly free of support.

Trap events: in all trap, skeet and double trap events, shooters stand in stations and fire at the clay targets that are released on the shooters signal.


Competitors compete using either a rifle, a pistol or a shotgun.

The rifle may be an air rifle or a small-bore rifle. The air rifle is used for the 10m events; the small-bore rifle is used for the 50m events.

The pistol may be an air pistol or small-bore pistol. The air pistol is used for the 10m events, while the small bore pistol is for the 25m and 50m events.

The shotgun must not be more than 12 gauge, usually with two barrels arranged either side by side or over and under but semi-automatic guns are allowed.

Editor:Yang Jie |Source: GAGOC

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