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World Natural Heritage: Huanglong Scenic Area

09-16-2010 16:12 BJT

World Natural Heritage: Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Chinese name: Huang Long Feng Jing Ming Sheng Qu

English name: Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Approval Date: December 1992

Heritage category: Natural heritage

Selection Criteria: Based on the standards N(III) for selecting natural heritages, the Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area was listed on the World Heritage List.

Assessment of the World Heritage Committee:

The Huanglong Scenic Area is located in the northwestern part of Sichuan Province. It is a valley that consists of many snow-capped mountain peaks and has the most glaciers in eastern China. In the area, visitors see many high-altitude landscapes and various forest systems, as well as splendid limestone landforms, waterfalls and hot springs. A lot of endangered animals live in the area, including giant pandas and the Sichuan Snub-Nosed Golden Monkey.

Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Introduction:

The Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area is located in Songpan County in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province in western China. It is next to the Jiuzhaigou Valley. The area is in the joint zone of three geological structures and its geological condition is extremely complex. The area covers over 1,340 square kilometers, and many snow-capped mountain peaks stand upright in the area including seven with altitudes over 5,000 meters.

The Huanglong Valley leans on the Xuebaoding Peak and faces the clear currents of the Fu River. The snow water coming down from the Yucui Peak and the cavern water welling up join together. Due to the different flow speeds, the fluctuant landform, and the debris obstacles in the current, the abundant calcium carbonate in the water will agglomerate and calcium compounds have formed on the bottom. When the water flows on the calcium compounds, large pools of colorful water will appear. The water looks like natural picture of the Huangong Valley. When the calcium carbonate agglomerates, it will also mix with other organic substances and minerals, thus different calcium compounds would form. When the sunshine shines on these compounds, the water will show many different colors. For this reason, people call the pools there the “Five-Color Pools.”

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