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World Cultural Heritage: The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde

09-19-2010 14:58 BJT

World cultural heritage: The Mountain Resort, Chengde

Chinese name: Cheng De Bi Shu Shan Zhuang He Zhou Wei Si Miao

English name: The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde

Approval date: December 1994

Heritage category: Cultural heritage

Selection criteria: Based on the standards C(II)(IV) for selecting cultural heritage, the Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde were listed in the World Heritage List.

Assessment of the World Heritage Committee:

The Chengde Mountain Resort was the summer palace for the royal family of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in Hebei Province and was built between 1703 and 1792. It is a large architectural complex composed of many palaces and buildings for handling political affairs and holding ceremonies. It is also a very beautiful place where the temples and royal gardens of various styles and their surrounding lakes, pastures and forests are combined together delicately. In addition to the aesthetic value, a lot of rare historic relics of China’s last feudal dynasty are also well preserved in the resort.

Chengde Mountain Resort

Introduction:

The Chengde Mountain Resort, also known as the “Rehe Xanadu,” is located in the long and narrow valley to north of the Chengde City in Hebei Province in the north of China, and covers 584 hectares. The construction of the resort started in the 42nd year of the Kangxi Emperor (1703) and was suspended during the Yongzheng Emperor period (1723—1736). Then, the construction continued in the sixth year of the Qianlong Emperor (1741), and 36 Qianlong (1736—1796) scenic spots and the outer eight temples were added. The construction of the resort took about 90 years, which was the prime period of the Qing Dynasty. A lot of skillful architectural workers and masters participated in the construction. In the 50th year of the Kangxi Emperor (1662—1723), the Emperor personally wrote the resort name on the top of the Meridian Gate. The mountain resort consists of two regions, the palace region and the scenic region.


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