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Four major programs helps Shanghai’s economic transition

12-15-2010 15:46 BJT

Shanghai’s scientific and technological progress has played increasingly significant roles in promoting local economic and social transition over the past five years. High-tech has not only become a “leading player” in energy conservation and emissions reduction, the advancement of major special scientific and technological projects, and the development of new strategic industries, but also made great contributions to Shanghai’s economic and social development.

The “12th Five-year Plan” period is a critical stage to transform China’s economic development mode and accelerate the economic transition, during which, Shanghai will further enhance the efficiency of innovation, strive to turn its advantage in research and development into the advantage in the development of related industries and promote the economic transition by developing four major programs.

Shanghai takes the all-round lead in high-tech industries

There is a giant screen with a black background and red words in the hall of the office building of Shanghai Waigaoqiao No.3 Power Generation Company that display daily-updated standard coal consumption data for its two 1,000 megawatt coal-fired power generating units.

Since the plant was put into operation in 2008, the company has maintained the world’s lowest coal consumption record in coal-fired power generation. To produce one kilowatt hour of electricity, it used 287 grams of coal in 2008 and 282 grams in 2009, while the figure for the world’s most advanced 1,000 megawatt ultra-supercritical coal-fired power generating units remained at about 300 grams during the same period. “We are confident in lowering the figure to below 280 grams in 2010,” Shanghai Waigaoqiao No. 3 Power Generation General Manager Feng Weizhong said.

Feng said their two power generating units can use 62 grams less standard coal to produce one kilowatt hour of electricity than similar domestic power generating units and reduce standard coal consumption by over 700,000 tons a year and carbon dioxide emissions by over one million tons. This is significant for China to fulfill its target of lowering the carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40 to 45 percent by 2020.

The world’s lowest coal consumption record in coal-fired power generation held by Shanghai Waigaoqiao No. 3 Power Generation is a result of the company’s long-term independent research and development as well as technological innovation. The company has pioneered 11 technologies across the world including zero-energy desulfurization technology and six technologies at home including the optimization of parameters and modes of operation for ultra-supercritical power generating units, and acquired nine national-level patents.

Shanghai Waigaoqiao No. 3 Power Generation’s achievements are a microcosm of the all-round advancement of Shanghai’s scientific and technological innovation. Shou Ziqi, director of the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (STCSM), said that 5,357 national-level scientific and technological tasks had been assigned to Shanghai during the “11th Five-year Plan” period. Shanghai achieved significant progress in developing the technical scheme for China’s first jumbo jet model, the C919, and completed the test flight of ARJ21-700 regional aircraft and started its airworthiness certification work. Some initial achievements of major special projects such as super large-scale integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing equipment and engineering technologies, key new medical research and development and new-generation wireless mobile communications network have already be commercialized. China’s first domestically-made advanced lithography equipment was sold on the market for the first time and the number of 65-nm etching machines sold in 2010 has reached 12, including the first order from abroad.

“The contribution from science and technology to Shanghai’s economic and social development is increasingly noticeable and the scale of the city’s high-tech industries has continued to expand,” Shou said. The total industrial output value of Shanghai’s nine high-tech industries including the new-energy industry reached 556 billion yuan in 2009, representing an increase of over 8 percent from a year earlier and accounting for 23 percent of the city’s total. During the first seven months of 2010, the total industrial output value of Shanghai’s high-tech industries was up by about 50 percent and the rate of the contribution by scientific and technological development to the economic growth reached 64 percent.


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