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World Population Day has just passed and more attention is being given to population issues. According to the authorities, in the next five years, China's urban population is going to overtake the rural population for the first time. What does this mean for the country and its development?
The National Population and Family Planning Commission said recently, the urban population in the country will pass 700 million in the near future, which will take up 50% of the total population. The population structure is going to experience a dramatic change, and social and economic development will also be affected.
Zhang Chewei, Vice Director, Institute of Population and Labor Economics, CASS, said, It is very meaningful to China. Because we used to be an agricultural country for such a long time. When the country's urban population takes up more than 50% of the total population, we can say our country is an urbanized country. I think it's going to be a milestone in China's history.
Meanwhile, experts also say our society has to get ready for the coming changes.
Li Jianmin, Nankai University, said, "We should pay attention to the quality of urbanization. There are a lot of topics around the next generation of rural people. These young people were born in the cities, barely have connection with the rural areas. But it's hard for them to become a real part of the city. So the issue of the living condition of these flowing population is very important too. It is closely connected to the quality of urbanization. "
Facing the population change, we have to be more concerned about many issues, including how to relieve the population pressure in big cities, and how to improve the development of small cities.