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Sub-anchor: What's new in this White Paper?

03-31-2011 20:26 BJT Special Report:White Paper on National Defense in 2010 |

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Our reporter Han Bin joins us now for more on China's defense White Paper.

Q1. Han Bin, the White Paper has 10 chapters and contains some 30 THOUSAND words. And which parts demonstrate greater transparency than before?

Compared with previous White Papers, there are a number of new chapters, with titles such as“Deployment of the Armed Forces”and the "Military Legal System". It's noticeable that while there is consistency in China's national defense policy, there are a number of developments in military thinking.

For example, the paper outlines changes to the PLA, with the building of joint operation systems based on information technology - something key to the army's modernization. Although it stops short of detailing equipment and quantities, it does make clear definitions regarding modernization processes.

In terms of nuclear defense, for the first time the White paper makes this clear statement: “ no country should deploy missile defense systems overseas that have strategic missile defense capabilities." It sends a clear signal on how China sees the use of nuclear weapons in national security and the defense of its key interests.

Despite listing Taiwan secession as a major threat to the country's unification, the paper proposes “a military security mechanism of mutual trust to ease tensions." The central government says cross-Strait relations have improved, and China must take strategic opportunities for its development.

Q2. China's military build up, especially its budgets are routinely commented upon by many countries. How do Chinese military officials respond to such criticisms?

Chinese military officials have stressed on numerous occasions that its defense expenditure has remained at a moderate level over recent years. In this paper, they do their best to dispel such concerns with statistics - like this graphic - which shows the relative decrease in annual defense expenditure compared to GDP over the past decade. The paper also says defense budgets are mainly used for personnel, training and maintenance.

China argues that its military expenditure compared to GDP is much lower than other major powers, like the USA and the UK. What's more, China spends even less compared to GDP than some other developing countries, such as India and Brazil. And if we talk about defense expenditure per capita, developed countries spend between 20 and 30 times more on defense than China.

I think the release of this white paper is to demonstrate increasing transparency to the world. However, as China's strength grows, moderate increases in defense expenditure are bound to follow.




China's defense: New role of the PLA

The White Paper illustrates the Chinese People's Liberation Army's new roles, while re-assuring its defensive policy. <Full story>



Why China's military expenditure is moderate

Yang Yujun discussed China's security situation, and explains why the country's military expenditure is moderate. <Full story>

Editor:Zhang Pengfei |Source: CNTV.CN

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