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CCTV insight: How will new system change labor inspection?

06-03-2011 09:11 BJT

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For more about labor inspection in China, we're joined in the studio by our reporter Han Bin. Hello, Han Bin.

Q1: This story is about the innovative approach to labor inspection in China. Could you tell us more about what the Twin Networks are? And how effective is this new management system in changing how labor inspection is carried out?

HB: To understand how the Twin Networks function, let's once again take a look at this graph. The whole nation's administrative districts will be divided into thousands of grids made up of sub-districts, townships or communities. Labor inspectors and assistants visit every enterprise in their assigned territory to provide information on labor law and social security provisions, and gather data on each company’s employment practices. This information goes into the database, and is cross-referenced with information on social security contributions and any previous labor law violations or any apparent risks, to prioritize future inspections.

For example, Chengdu’s labor inspectorates are responsible for over 700 grids of administrative districts, with some 15 million permanent residents and mobile workforce. The Twin Networks has expanded the supervisory scope from the urban areas to include rural areas, where migrant workers often live on the edge of the cities and on the edge of law. Having clearly defined areas of responsibility and pooling the data allow networks to effectively carry out labor inspection.

Q2. From your in-depth report, we see the importance of the Twin Networks. But it’s obviously a huge project, requiring huge resources in personnel and equipment. So, what do you think are the challenges for its implementation?

HB: Labor inspection is part of law enforcement to ensure employers comply with the laws. Its duties include: publicizing laws, inspecting work units, handling complaints and correcting illegal acts.

China now has established four-tier labor and social security inspectorates at the state, provincial, municipal and county levels. The country has over 23,000 full time labor inspectors. But that's just a drop in the bucket when it comes to supervising the entire nation’s labor practices.

China will recruit large numbers of assistant inspectors or supervisors from organizations such as trade unions, women’s federations and enterprises. Training is key for improving enforcement. The main challenge is how to enforce the labor laws and regulations in response to the emerging challenges during China’s economic transformation. Better enforcement requires strengthening and modernizing the labor inspection system. I think the Twin Networks provides part of the solution. I also interviewed Ann Herbert, Director of the International Labor Organization in China. She says China's latest approach to labor inspection has been playing a major role in improving the process, and is helpful in creating decent work in China.

Editor:Xiong Qu |Source: CNTV.CN

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