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NPC to improve quality of lawmaking


03-09-2014 20:50 BJT

1. 2014 marks the 60th anniversary of the promulgation of China's first Constitution and the 60th anniversary of the establishment of NPC, China's top legislative body. How do you evaluate the development of China’s legal system over the past 60 years?

2. One of the most significant legal reforms last year was the abolition of re-education through labor system. Its abolition has received positive feedback from the public. But there are still some left-over problems, such as how to help those released from labor camps return to society? Will there be any compensation?

3. Re-education through labor was first introduced to deal with in minor offenders whose offence is not severe enough to take them into court. Will any new laws or regulations be issued to fulfill this role after re-education system is dismantled? Is the hotly discussed community correction program an alternative?

4. During the NPC's press conference on Tuesday, the quality of Chinese lawmaking was brought into question. Critics say some laws are impractical and ineffective. For example, the "must visit your parents frequently" requirement in China’s newly amended "Law of Protection of Rights and Interests of the Aged". Some even say laws are often less effective than judicial interpretations released by the Supreme People's Court or Supreme People’s Procuratorate. What's your response to such critics? By what means do you think China’s top legislature can improve the quality of its lawmaking?

5. During the second meeting of the leading group for overall reform, Chinese President Xi Jinpin stressed that "Any major reforms must be legally grounded." How should we understand President Xi's remarks? What's your view on the relationship between reform and legislation? What could the NPC do to boost China's boldest comprehensive reform?

6. In China, government regulations issued by the State Council often work in conjunction with laws. In some fields, administrative regulations even play a bigger role. Take tax, for example, only three out of 18 types of tax were enacted by laws approved by the NPC. The rest were authorized by the State Council in the form of administrative regulation. What do you think of interaction between laws and administration regulations in social governance? Chinese new leadership vows to deepen administration reform. What role does the NPC play in the process of building a law-based government?

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