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Supervision: One of NPC's major functions

03-09-2014 21:03 BJT Special Report: 2014 NPC & CPPCC Sessions |

Now, for more insights, joining us in the studio are Professor He Jiahong from Criminal Law Research Center, Renmin University and Victor Gao Zhikai, Director of China National Association of International Studies.

1. As defined by the Constitution, the NPC and its Standing Committee have the power to supervise other national organs of state power and ensure that the government runs in accordance with the will of the people. Can you brief us on what concrete ways the NPC exercises its power of supervision?

2. China has different supervision mechanisms, such as administrative supervision which comes from the government, disciplinary inspection from the ruling communist party, legal supervision from the procuratorial organ, and democratic supervision from the CPPCC. How does NPC's supervision differ from the other forms of supervision? And how do they cooperate with each other?

3. China established its Ministry of Supervision in 1954, five years after the foundation of the new China, but unlike the construction of supervision institutions, the construction of supervision laws has lagged far behind. There are only two supervision laws in China. One--- the Law of the People's Republic of China on Administration Supervision---was passed in 1997. And the other---the Law of the People's Republic of China on Supervision by the Standing Committees of the People's Congresses at All Levels---went into effect ten years later in 2007. It seems that the supervision law has struggled to develop. Why?

4. NPC members serve as the country's supervisors, but how do we make sure that NPC members themselves are well supervised?

5. Some critics say that under the Chinese one-party regime, supervision in the country is more like self-discipline, and power can’t be truly restricted. How would you response to such critics?

6. With the development of new media, the public has got a convenient platform to address their concerns and many government departments have opened their own official account in social media like Sina Weibo to hear the voices from the grassroots. Many officials removed from their posts were initially exposed by the public, carrying out their own investigations and launching online campaigns. How do you view the growing influence of social media in terms of democratic supervision?

7. But is social media 100 percent reliable? It's vulnerable to false information irresponsible remarks or accusation and personal attacks. This weakness led to laws against spreading malicious rumors, but that in turn has been criticized for restricting the right to speak out. How do you achieve the right balance?

8. Professor He and Victor, apart from using social media, what other channels do the public have to oversee the government's work?

9. What do you think of China's petitioning system? It's expected to serve as a good communication channel between the government and people, but it attracts fierce criticism? What are the problems?

Editor:James |Source:

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