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Mongolia Pavilion: A breeze from the grassland

09-14-2010 08:55 BJT Special Report:Shanghai World Expo 2010 |

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Mongolia is the second largest landlocked and the most sparsely populated country in the world. Steppes, Gobi desert,and scattered cities comprise the vast inland and nurture its straightforward and courageous people.

On Monday, Mongolia celebrated her national pavilion day at the Shanghai World Expo, and illustrated the theme of "Gobi and City."

Symbolic objects of Mongolian people, including traditional costumes, dolls, felt boots and wine bags, exquisite carriages and the nationality's unique musical instrument the Morin-Khuur, or horse-head fiddle, are found everywhere in the pavilion. In a conversant way, Mongolian people display their lifestyle, customs and hospitality. This style is one of their most renowned virtues.

The yurt is part of the Mongolian national identity. The Secret History of the Mongols mentions Gengkis Khan as the leader of all peoples who live in felt tents, and even today a large share of Mongolia's population lives in yurts, even in the capital Ulan Bataar.

A huge dinosaur egg, symbolizing the fragile city, is laid in the center of the pavilion, implying that the urban development should be based on ecological balance. Also, two dinosaur skeleton models are set up in the egg.

Mongolia, since prehistoric times, has been inhabited by nomads who, from time to time, formed great confederations that rose to prominence. Gengkis Khan is the Mongolian people's eternal hero. He waged a series of military campaigns in 1206 and formed the Mongol Empire, the largest territory of a kingdom in world history.

Mongolian cuisine is primarily based on meat and dairy products, with some regional variations. The most common meat is mutton, supplemented in the desert south by camel meat, in the northern mountains by beef. Dairy products are made from mare's milk, from cattle, yaks and camels.

Mongolia has a very old musical tradition. Key traditional elements are throat singing, the horse-head fiddle and other string instruments. The melodies are typically characterized by pentatonic harmonies and long end notes.

Mongolia celebrated her national pavilion day at the Shanghai
World Expo, and illustrated the theme of "Gobi and City."

Editor:Liu Fang |Source: CNTV.CN

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