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Medals of the World Expos-1904

10-03-2010 11:31 BJT Special Report:Shanghai World Expo 2010 |

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For the first time in World Expo medal history, the 1904 Louisiana Exposition included the formal names of Gold, Silver, and Bronze for the award medal.

However, all the medals were still made of bronze, and altogether, there were four different grades of the medal. In today’s Medals of the World Expos series, let’s take a look at some fascinating details.

This is a complete set of 1904 exposition medals. The four various award medals had different overall shapes, but common central designs.

The Grand Prize is in the shape of shield, and the gold medal is 3-point shield, the silver medal is square, and bronze medal is round as most Exposition medals had been.

In the reverse of the four medals, the inscription in the tablet was given out as Grand Prize, Gold, Silver, and Bronze respectively. These titles are merely descriptive and do not refer to the type of metal used.

Next, we'll examine the details of the Gold Medal as an example.

The obverse of the medal depicts two female figures above the date 1904. The taller figure is Columbia, with her arms spread wide holding the United States flag. The youthful maiden at her side represents the Louisiana Purchase Territory, emblematic of her reception into the union.

The maiden is divesting herself of the cloak of France, the material decorated with bees, the emblem of Napoleon. In the background is the rising sun, marking the dawn of a new era of progress to the nation. Encircling the two figures are the words "Universal Exposition - Saint Louis - United States of America."

There are 14 stars around the border and a wreath on each point, representing the 14 States of that period. The wreath in the upper left corner has the letters "US" (representing the United States), the wreath in the upper right corner has the letters "NJ" (representing Napoleon and Jefferson), and the wreath in lower point has a Fleur de Lis, royal symbol of France.

The reverse shows an architectural tablet inscribed with "Gold Medal" and "Louisiana Purchase Exposition." Below the tablet are two dolphins symbolizing the nations' eastern and western boundaries, the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Above the tablet is a large bald eagle, American national bird, with its wings spread.

There were over 30,000 medals awarded in the exposition. China claimed 191 medals.

Editor:Zhang Pengfei |Source: CNTV.CN

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