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Explore tombs of the Collas in S. Peru

04-10-2012 10:20 BJT

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Near Lake Titicaca in south Peru is a place called Sillustani. The Colla people used to live here before vanishing, but about one dozen of their tombs still stand. Let's head to the highest fresh water lake in the world to check out the remaining historic relics.

Standing like a castle. The tombs, which are built above ground in tower-like structures called chullpas, are the vestiges of the Colla people, who were conquered by the mighty Inca in the 15th Century.

The structures housed the remains of complete family groups, although they were probably limited to nobility. According to their belief in the afterlife, the body was often buried with food, daily wares, and even servants.

Some of the tombs also have various animal shapes carved into the stone. The only openings to the buildings face east, where it was believed the Sun was reborn by Mother Earth each day.

It still remains a mystery how the Collas managed to carry tens of thousands of the giant rocks as heavy as 1.5 tons each, up to these mountains of some 4,000-meter altitude.

In 1532, Spanish conquerors killed the last emperor of Inca and perish the dynasty. In the obstinate belief that the tombs might contain gold, the settlers robbed many of the tombs, leaving the sabotaged graves standing in ruins until today.


Editor:Liu Fang |Source: CNTV.CN

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