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Shiqi Kong Qiao (Seventeen-Arch Bridge)

06-08-2011 14:17 BJT

Shiqi Kong Qiao (Seventeen-Arch Bridge):

Shiqi Kong Qiao (Seventeen-Arch Bridge)

Built in the 15th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign (1750), this 150-meter bridge links the east bank and the South Lake Island. It is the longest bridge in any Chinese imperial garden and was named for its seventeen arches. Over 500 stone lions in different poses are carved on the posts of the bridge's railings. At both ends of the bridge are carved four strange animals. Strong and powerful, they are outstanding evidence of Qing stone carving.

Bronze Ox (Tongniu):

Bronze Ox (Tongniu)

Cast in the 20th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign (1736-1795), this statue was also called the "Golden Ox". Crouching on the carved stone base, the bronze ox has a lifelike bearing. It is said that the bronze ox was positioned here to keep the floods down. Inscribed on the back of the ox is an ode of eighty words entitled "Inscriptions on the Golden Ox". It was written by Emperor Qianlong in a traditional style of Chinese calligraphy known as seal characters.

 

Nanhu Dao (South Lake Island):

Nanhu Dao (South Lake Island)

Situated in the center of the lake, the island is connected to the Spacious Pavilion on the east bank by the Seventeen-Arch Bridge. The island, the bridge and the pavilion combine to form an integrated architecture that echoes the Longevity Hill from a distance. The scenic spots which stand on the island include the Hall of Embracing the Universe, the Dragon King Temple, the Hall of Foresight, the Tower of Moonlit Ripples and the Chamber of Heartfelt Contentment.

 

Jingming Lou (Pavilion of Bright Scenery):

Jingming Lou (Pavilion of Bright Scenery)

Originally built during Emperor Qianlong's reign (1736-1795), the structure of the pavilion was a copy of a painting "A Picture of Enjoying the Cool under the Lotus Pavilion", painted by Zhao Mengfu(1254-1322), a well-known artist in the Yuan Dynasty. The pavilion got its name from a line in a famous verse entitled A Note on the Yueyang Tower by Fan Zhongyan(989-1052), who wrote: "The Spring is peaceful and the scenery is bright, the billows are asleep." Burned down by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860, it was rebuilt in 1992.

Yudai Qiao (Jade Belt Bridge):

Yudai Qiao (Jade Belt Bridge)

Built during Emperor Qianlong's reign (1736-1795), this high and thin bridge was named Jade Belt Bridge because its body and railings are made of gray white or white marbles which combine to resemble a jade belt. Under the bridge, the Kunming Lake inlet led to Yu River. When the emperors and empresses went by boat from the Garden of Clear Ripples to Jade Spring Hills, they would pass under this bridge.

 

 

 

 

Editor:Zheng Limin |Source: www.summerpalace-china.com

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