CCTV.com - CNTV English - CCTV News

Papermaking

11-30-2011 15:58 BJT

In medieval Europe, 300 and more sheets of parchment were used to print a Bible. The bulk, the complicated work and cost limited its circulation.

In China, characters were first engraved on bronze objects, then on bamboo slips or silk. It was said that in ancient times, one letter written to the emperor was done on 3,000 bamboo slips, and had to be carried to the palace by two warriors.

In the Eastern Han period (25-220), Eunuch
CaiLun who headed an imperial workshop improved
former papermaking technique.

The development of culture called for convenient and inexpensive writing material. Archeological finds proved that China began to produce paper with plant fiber as early as the Western Han period (206BC-23AD). Then, technique was primitive and coarse.

In the Eastern Han period (25-220), Eunuch Cai Lun who headed an imperial workshop improved former papermaking technique. Bark, rope ends and rags were soaked in water, chopped up and boiled. The pulp was dewatered, pressed and dried. This famous Cai Lun paper was light and thin, strong and inexpensive and could be mass-produced. Cai Lun's contribution in the invention and improvement of papermaking technique won him respect from posterity. This invention was a revolution facilitating the circulation of knowledge. Since then our culture began to be written on paper.

With the development of society and culture, paper was widely used and the technique of papermaking continued to improve. Bamboo was used to make paper in later Tang Dynasty (608-907). Bamboo grew rapidly in large quantities. Its long fiber, fine and strong, made it excellent papermaking material. Yet complicated technique was required to make bamboo paper. People continued to look for other materials until they used a mixture of different proportions of many kinds of plant fiber to produce different kinds of paper.

With the development of society and culture, paper
was widely used and the technique of papermaking
continued to improve.

The production of the world-renowned "xuan" paper began in the Tang Dynasty. It is made of windceltis bark and spring water with special technique passed from generation to generation. It is still the best and irreplaceable. "Xuan" paper is soft, white, smooth and absorbent. Paintings done on it hundreds of years ago retain their original splendor. These special features of "xuan" paper are particularly suitable for bringing out the attraction and spirit of Chinese painting, surpassing all paper made with modern technique.

Around the middle of the 3rd century, the technique of papermaking spread to Korea and Vietnam; and then to the West after the 8th century. In 1150, the first paper mill in Europe was set up in Spain. When paper was widespread in Europe, the long medieval age was coming to an end and Renaissance was beginning to dawn.

Editor:Zheng Limin |Source: CNTV.CN

Hot Videos view more

The celebrations are still continuing as the victorious coach, Joachim Loew, has been honored for his achievement in his hometown of Freiburg.
Germany coach Loew honored in hometown of Freiburg

Chinese men´s national team continued its preparations for next year´s Asian Cup, as they managed a one-all draw against visitors Jordan during a football friendly in Harbin, the capital city of Northeast China´s Heilongjiang Province.
China held to 1-1 draw by Jordan

The defending world champs came into the contest with a perfect 6-and-oh record, but they would be in for a tough first half before opening things up in the second.
USA beat Slovenia 119-76 in quarter-finals

Hot Stories more

UK authorities believe killer of James Foley is a British national

Across the UK the hunt is on for James Foley’s killer, who authorities believe is a British national. As Richard Bestic reports from London, Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his summer break to lead his government’s response.

Israeli war jets renews Gaza strike as truce talks stalled

Three Palestinians were killed and 40 others wounded in the intensive Israeli war jets´ airstrikes on the Gaza city on Tuesday night, shortly before an end of a 24-hour ceasefire in the Gaza Strip,

Missouri police arrest dozens after violent night

As the protests in the town of Ferguson, Missouri turned violent with police facing ´heavy gunfire´ from some ´criminal elements´, cops fired tear gas, stun grenades and arrested 31 demonstrators on Monday night.

Picture in news more

More Video News

Choose TV Program