CCTV.com - CNTV English - CCTV News

交际汉语 Lesson 23 Being a Guest

05-24-2010 12:56 BJT

会话 A

兰兰:(布置桌子,放花和水果。)

李红:兰兰,你买的鲜花?真漂亮!

兰兰:妈妈,今天我要请个朋友来咱家做客。

李红:呦,我们的小主人要邀请客人啦!是你们班同学?

兰兰:回答错误!是一位美国来的朋友。

Translation:

Lan Lan: (Arranging table, placing flowers and fruits.)

Li Hong: Lan Lan, you bought fresh flowers? Very pretty!

Lan Lan: Mom, today I'm inviting a friend to visit our home.

Li Hong: Oh, our little host is inviting guests! Is it your classmate?

Lan Lan: Wrong answer! It's a friend from the U.S.A. .

Cultural Background

在中国,如果你被邀请到某人家做客,这时候你知道你应该怎样做吗?做客也是很有学问的。中国人很热情,也非常好客。如果你到中国学习或工作,周围的中国同学或同事有可能会邀请你在节假日到他们家里做客。对你来说,如约前去做客并带上一件礼物是很重要的。

如果你赴约的同事家里有小孩的话,你可以带上一件小玩具;如果你去女同事家里做客,可以买上一束鲜花;如果到年长的同事家里做客,你可以买些食品或水果带去;如果你是学生到老师家做客,可以不用带任何东西。

到朋友或同事家做客时间可长可短。有时只是单纯地聊天,有时到家中做客与主人共进午餐或晚餐。而现在为了节省做饭的时间,往往到饭馆去吃饭,边说边聊。一般情况下,在中国请客吃饭都是围绕圆桌而坐,表示团结或相聚的意思。通常,主人会对门而坐。被邀请的客人坐在主人的左右两边。主人坐下后客人才坐下。

在主人那里做客吃饭时,如遇有的饭菜你不爱吃或不能吃,应在吃饭前或吃饭时礼貌地告诉主人。由于中国人很好客,往往在吃饭时主人常常为客人夹菜并放入客人的盘内。如果你吃饱了应告诉主人,否则,主人会不停地为你夹菜并客气地催促你“再吃点儿”,直到他们确信你的确吃饱了。

离开主人家时,主人会说:“有空再来玩儿。”你可以回答:“好,一定。谢谢您的款待,再见。”

Translation:

Do you know the etiquette for guests in China? It is an art and even a science. The Chinese are friendly and hospitable. So if you work or study in China, it'll only be a matter of time before your Chinese friends invite you for a visit to their home. For the visitor, taking a gift is an important starting point.

If the friend you're visiting has children at home, you may consider bringing a small toy. Flowers are a good idea for female friends, whereas fruit or even food would be suitable for elder acquaintances or friends. Bringing a gift is not so important if you're a student visiting your teacher.

Visits to friends' or acquaintances' homes can be short or long. Sometimes you may just chat and sometimes you are invited for a meal, either lunch or dinner. To save time and effort these days, eating out is common. Usually, the dinner table in China is round, to symbolize unity and togetherness. The host usually sits opposite the door, the guests will sit to either side of the host. Guests should wait until the host sits down, before they choose their seats.

When staying for a meal, if you have certain preferences or dietary restrictions, do tell your host before or during the meal. To show hospitality and friendliness, Chinese hosts will often pick out food for the guest and place it on his/her plate. It is good to advise the host when you're full, otherwise your host will keep ordering and politely request that you "eat some more," until they're convinced that you have eaten enough.

Upon leaving, the host is likely to say "come by again when you have time," to which you can reply "I certainly will. Thanks for your hospitality, goodbye."


Hot Videos view more

The celebrations are still continuing as the victorious coach, Joachim Loew, has been honored for his achievement in his hometown of Freiburg.
Germany coach Loew honored in hometown of Freiburg

Chinese men´s national team continued its preparations for next year´s Asian Cup, as they managed a one-all draw against visitors Jordan during a football friendly in Harbin, the capital city of Northeast China´s Heilongjiang Province.
China held to 1-1 draw by Jordan

The defending world champs came into the contest with a perfect 6-and-oh record, but they would be in for a tough first half before opening things up in the second.
USA beat Slovenia 119-76 in quarter-finals

Hot Stories more

UK authorities believe killer of James Foley is a British national

Across the UK the hunt is on for James Foley’s killer, who authorities believe is a British national. As Richard Bestic reports from London, Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his summer break to lead his government’s response.

Israeli war jets renews Gaza strike as truce talks stalled

Three Palestinians were killed and 40 others wounded in the intensive Israeli war jets´ airstrikes on the Gaza city on Tuesday night, shortly before an end of a 24-hour ceasefire in the Gaza Strip,

Missouri police arrest dozens after violent night

As the protests in the town of Ferguson, Missouri turned violent with police facing ´heavy gunfire´ from some ´criminal elements´, cops fired tear gas, stun grenades and arrested 31 demonstrators on Monday night.

Picture in news more

More Video News

Choose TV Program