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元宵节 The Lantern Festival

05-24-2010 15:59 BJT

每年农历的一月十五日是中国人的元宵节,它正好在春节之后。
The Lantern Festival is celebrated everywhere on January 15th of the lunar calendar, right after the Spring Festival.

传统意义上元宵节也是春节活动的一部分。
Traditionally, the Lantern Festival is a part of the Spring Festival.

这天是农历新年里第一个月圆的日子。
This day is always the first full moon in the lunar New Year.

中国各地张灯结彩,家家户户歌舞游乐,人们做元宵、放烟火。
Across China, people celebrate by hanging up lanterns and festoons, attending dancing and singing performances, making “Yuan Xiao” or sweet rice dumplings and lighting fireworks.

这也是庆祝春节的延续。
This is also a continuation of the Spring Festival celebration.

在元宵节之夜,天上明月高照,地上彩灯万盏。
On the Lantern Festival night, the moon illuminates the dark sky while many lanterns shine bright colors on the earth.

元宵夜观花灯的习俗开始于两千多年前的西汉时期。
The traditions of viewing decorative lanterns on this night began more than two thousand years ago in the Western Han Dynasty.

最早只是在皇宫中点灯祈福。
In the earlier times, those beautiful lanterns were only seen in the imperial palaces.

慢慢地演变成民间最盛大的灯节。
Slowly it evolved into a celebration on the grand scale for ordinary folks everywhere.

在元宵节前许多天,人们就开始忙着用油纸、绸布、竹子和花朵等材料制作各式各样的灯笼。
A few days before the lantern festival, people begin gathering oiled paper, silk cloths, bamboo sticks and flower to make all types of lanterns.

或者到热闹的灯市上挑选自己喜爱的灯笼。
Some people go to the lively streets to pick a personal favorite.

花灯的主题既有民间传说,又有节日习俗和各种吉祥物等。
The lanterns sometimes come in a series about certain folklore, holiday customs, or lucky mascots.

元宵节也是一个浪漫的节日。
The Lantern Festival is also a romantic holiday.

在封建社会时,年轻女孩不允许出外自由活动。
In feudal society, young girls were not allowed to go out freely.

但在元宵节晚上,她们却可以结伴出游观赏花灯。
But on the night of the Lantern Festival, they were allowed to view the lantern lights in groups.

未婚男女也常借着赏花灯与情人相会。
Sometimes couples would go on dates strolling down the streets lit with lantern lights.

如今人们依然会在元宵夜相邀一起去赏花灯。
Today people still invite others to view lanterns together.

在中国南北各地都有风格不同的元宵灯会。
Across China, the Lantern Festival is celebrated in many different styles.

在临水的地方,人们把做好的莲花灯放进河里,让灯顺流而下,带去自己对已逝亲人的思念。
In places near water, people put Lotus Lanterns in the river to let them flow down stream, carrying the loss they feel for the relatives that have passed away.

在北方,传统习俗与现代科技相结合发展成为冰灯节。
In the North, as traditional customs combined with modern science and technology, there evolved the Ice Lantern Festival.

天然冰雪与灯光色彩巧妙结合,透过雕塑、造型、建筑和造景,成为一个绚丽的冰雪天堂。
The combination of the ice and snow with colored lights, carvings, designs, and special scenery yield a spectacular winter paradise.

猜灯谜是中国特有的文字游戏。
The Lantern Riddle is a special word-game played by the Chinese people.

人们不仅制作出各种漂亮的灯笼供大家观赏,还设计出许多有趣的谜语。
The Chinese people not only craft many types of beautiful lanterns for the others to appreciate, but also create many interesting riddles.

传统的灯谜是直接写在灯笼上的。
The traditional riddles are written on the lanterns.

现在,人们在灯笼的下面贴上写了谜语的纸条,供观灯的人猜。
Today, many people glue a slip of paper with the riddle at the bottom of the lanterns for the viewers to solve.

那些猜中的人还会得到出谜者赠送的小奖品。
Those who solve the riddles correctly will receive a prize from the riddle’s creator.

和其他的中国传统节日一样,元宵节也有自己的节日食品——“元宵”。
Just like China’s other traditional holidays, the Lantern Festival also has its own special dish —“Yuan Xiao”, or sweet dumpling soup.

虽然“元宵”在南北两地叫法不同,做法也不同,但它们都是用糯米粉做皮儿。
Although the sweet dumplings differ in name and recipe from the North and South, they are always made with glutinous rice flour as the outside.

里面包上各种果仁和糖做成的馅儿。
The filling is usually composed of different kinds of fruit kernels and sugar.

包出来的形状是一样的——圆圆的、白白的,因为它和元宵夜的圆月一样,代表着团圆。
The sweet dumplings are always round and white, as it represents the moon on the night of the Lantern Festival.

元宵
Sweet Dumplings Soup

团圆
reunion

灯谜
lantern riddles

 

Editor:Shi Taoyang |Source: CCTV.com

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