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听新闻 学汉语 20110701

07-04-2011 08:53 BJT

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* 京沪高铁正式运营

备受关注的京沪高铁将于6月30日15时正式开通运营。作为新中国成立以来一次建设里程最长、投资最大、标准最高的高速铁路,京沪高铁贯通“三市四省”,串起京沪“经济走廊”。 京沪高铁的开通,不仅乘客可以享受到便捷与实惠,沿线城市也需面对高铁带来的机遇和挑战。京沪高铁于2008年4月开工,总长度1318公里,总投资约2209亿元,全线纵贯北京、天津、上海三大直辖市和河北、山东、安徽、江苏四省。它的建成将使北京和上海之间的往来时间缩短到5小时以内。

* 个税起征点提高到3500元 9月1日起施行

十一届全国人大常委会第二十一次会议30日通过了关于修改《个人所得税法》的决定,将个税起征点由二审稿的3000元提高到3500元。于今年9月1日起施 行。重新公布的《个人所得税法》规定:“工资、薪金所得以为每月收入额减除费用三千五百元后的余额,为应纳税所得额。”《个人所得税法》将现行的9级超额 累进税率调整为7级,第一级税率为3%。

* 英75万人罢工抗议养老金改革

英国公共服务部门所属的各工会就养老金问题与政府的谈判破裂后,定于当地时间6月30日发起大罢工,参加人员可达75万人,这将是英国20多年来规模最大的一次罢工。由于罢工将影响到机场和海关,英国政府已向国内外出入境旅行者发出警告,希望人们出行时尽量避开6月30日,以避免各大机场和关口出现大规模拥塞和拖延现象。英国边境管理署的负责人表示,他们在罢工的日子里会保证英国边境口岸的安全,同时也将尽力减少旅行者的不便。同一天,罢工也会导致英国境内近8000所学校关闭或部分关闭,几十万学生家长不得不需要请假留在家中照看孩子。

20110701“听新闻学汉语” 生词

1.实惠(shí huì) 实际的好处

material benefit

例:农业新政策让农民得到了实惠。

2.挑战(tiǎo zhàn) 必须认真应对的局面或问题

challenge

例:人类正面临着越来越多的挑战。

3.现行(xiàn xínɡ) 正在实施的;现时有效的

current

例:现行的法律是1995年发布实施的。

4.累进(lěi jìn) 以某一个数为基数,另一个数与它的比值按一定的比例逐步增加

progression

例:累进税可以调节贫富差距。

5.破裂(pò liè) (东西)裂开缝隙;(感情、关系等)出现裂痕,不能再维系下去

break down; break up; break off

例:他们的婚姻破裂了。

6.尽量(jǐn liànɡ) 达到最高程度

do all one can

例:外面有暴风雪,你尽量不要出门。

7.拖延(tuō yán) 延长时间,不及时或没能按时办理

delay

例:这项工程已经被拖延了几个月。

- 本节目由 CNTV English 中国网络电视台英语台 和 iMandarinPod 爱汉语播客 联合制作

Editor:Du Xiaodan |Source: CNTV.CN

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