Watch VideoPlay Video
Now let's have a brief introduction to the South China Sea. The South China Sea is part of the Pacific Ocean. It extends from Singapore and Malacca to the Strait of Taiwan, covering around 35 million square kilometers. It contains hundreds of islands, atolls, rocks, banks, and reefs. There are around 1,500 species of fish in the region.
The South China Sea has the second most used sea lane in the world. In terms of world annual merchant fleet tonnage, over 50 percent passes through the Strait of Malacca, the Sunda Strait and the Lombok Strait. Over 1.6 million cubic kilometers of crude oil a day are shipped through the Strait of Malacca. The South China Sea has been proven oil reserves of around 1.2 square kilometers. Natural gas reserves are estimated to total around 75 hundred cubic kilometers.