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Former Philippine police captain Rolando Mendoza was the gunman who took the Hong Kong tourists hostage. Police shot him dead as they stormed the bus in downtown Manila.
The 55-year-old Mendoza was armed with an M-16 assault rifle and small arms. A year ago, Mendoza had been dismissed from the force.
He was demanding to have his name cleared and to be reinstated. A handwritten note, signed by Mendoza, saying "BIG DEAL WILL START AFTER 3 PM TODAY" was stuck to the door of the bus.
Mendoza's brother, Gregorio, who cooperated with police in the negotiating, blames the police for the failure of the process.