- CNTV English - CCTV News

Background: History of Shanghai Cooperation Organization

06-10-2010 19:03 BJT Special Report: Hu Attends SCO Summit, Visits 2 Nations |

Watch Video

Play Video

President Hu Jintao will also attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in Tashkent. The SCO was established in 2001. Nine years later, the organization is setting a emerging example for geo-political integration. Here's a look back at the history of the group.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization grew out of the "Shanghai Five," which was founded in 1996. The original members were China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

On June 15th, 2001, Uzbekistan was invited to join the group, and it was officially renamed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

The body aims to improve cooperation between its six members, and deal with new challenges and threats.

SCO member states span a geographical area of more than 30 million square kilometers, about three-fifths of Eastern Asia.

In late 2001, the six countries signed the Shanghai Convention Against Terrorism, Separatism, and Extremism.

On January 15th, 2004, the SCO Secretariat was established in Beijing.

That move was followed by the SCO setting up a Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure in Uzbekistan on June 17th, 2004.

Cooperation among SCO members covers a wide range of areas ... including security, economy, transportation, culture, disaster relief, and law enforcement.

The group has granted official observer status to Mongolia, Pakistan, Iran, and India.

At the Bishkek Summit, held in Kyrgyzstan in 2007, the leaders in attendance inked a good-neighborly cooperation treaty.

Last year, SCO states signed the Yekaterinburg Declaration, along with documents on anti-terrorism, financial cooperation, and Afghanistan.

SCO Members say the organization has matured beyond its early stages, and has entered a new phase of development.

In a short period of time, the SCO has already begun to emerge as an important regional and international player.

Editor:Zhang Ning |Source:

Hot Videos view more

The celebrations are still continuing as the victorious coach, Joachim Loew, has been honored for his achievement in his hometown of Freiburg.
Germany coach Loew honored in hometown of Freiburg

Chinese men´s national team continued its preparations for next year´s Asian Cup, as they managed a one-all draw against visitors Jordan during a football friendly in Harbin, the capital city of Northeast China´s Heilongjiang Province.
China held to 1-1 draw by Jordan

The defending world champs came into the contest with a perfect 6-and-oh record, but they would be in for a tough first half before opening things up in the second.
USA beat Slovenia 119-76 in quarter-finals

Hot Stories more

UK authorities believe killer of James Foley is a British national

Across the UK the hunt is on for James Foley’s killer, who authorities believe is a British national. As Richard Bestic reports from London, Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his summer break to lead his government’s response.

Israeli war jets renews Gaza strike as truce talks stalled

Three Palestinians were killed and 40 others wounded in the intensive Israeli war jets´ airstrikes on the Gaza city on Tuesday night, shortly before an end of a 24-hour ceasefire in the Gaza Strip,

Missouri police arrest dozens after violent night

As the protests in the town of Ferguson, Missouri turned violent with police facing ´heavy gunfire´ from some ´criminal elements´, cops fired tear gas, stun grenades and arrested 31 demonstrators on Monday night.

Picture in news more

More Video News

Choose TV Program