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Developing countries call for 2nd Kyoto commitment

11-30-2011 16:52 BJT Special Report:Durban Climate Change Conference |

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A single sentence from the Kyoto protocol, "share common but different responsibilities" becomes widely controversial during the UN climate conference in Durban - calling into question the ability of the world to recommit to the treaty beyond 2012.

Each year, nearly 80 percent of global carbon emissions come from developed countries, and the Kyoto Protocol places strict rules on allowed levels. A second commitment would ensure that developed nations who are party to the Kyoto Protocol adopt clear emission reduction targets. But there has been some disagreement.

Li Yanduan, delegate of China Foreign Affairs Ministry, said, "Since 2005, the international community has argued over issues regarding a second commitment period to the Kyoto Protocol. But till now, no concrete agreement has been reached. Developing countries are not willing to make enough effort."

Japan, Canada and Russia, three key countries in the Kyoto deal, have made it clear that they will not sign on for a second commitment period. The United States, the world’s largest polluter per capita, has also said it would not agree to the deal.

It wants the pact to impose obligations on emerging economies like China and India. While Europe says, that it can accept a continuation of the Kyoto Protocol, provided China and the United States show they are serious about major cuts in the coming years.

Meanwhile, China and many other developing countries have called for the clear establishment of the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol.

Li Yanduan, delegate of China Foreign Affairs Ministry, said, "China has a population of 1.3 billion. 1.5 million of them are living under the poverty line. We need practical emission levels."

With such large disagreements on the table, the pact’s future lies in doubt.


Editor:Zhang Dan |Source: CNTV.CN

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