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Hosni Mubarak: 30 years in office

01-05-2012 16:34 BJT

As one of the world's longest-serving presidents, Mohammed Hosni Mubarak's dramatic life and his political achievements have attracted the entire world. And now, let's take a closer look at his life up to this point.

Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's third and longest serving-president, resigned from office on February 11th, 2011, after an 18-day mass uprising aimed at removing him from power.

Born in 1928 in Kahel-el-Meselha, a small village in the Nile River Delta, Mubarak insisted on keeping his private life out of the public domain.

After joining the air force in 1950, Mubarak rose rapidly through the ranks from a fighter pilot, then a commander of the Air Force Academy by 1967.

His performance in the 1973 Middle East war led to his appointment as the country's vice president in 1975.

Anwar Sadat, the then president of Egypt, was assassinated by Muslim extremists at a military parade on October 6, 1981, a reaction to his signing a 1979 peace treaty with Israel.

Mubarak, sitting next to Sadat, escaped with only a minor hand injury.

Seven days later, he became president, an office he was to hold for almost 30 years.

When Mubarak assumed power, Egypt was isolated from Arab and Muslim countries.

For him, the first foreign policy mandate was to bring his country back into the Arab fold and to resume ties with major players in the region.

In 1989, Mubarak successfully increased the country's profile on the world stage.

At that year, Egypt returned to the Arab League, the group also moved their headquaters back to Cairo.

While Mubarak's foreign policies long dominated the Middle East, his domestic record was not nearly as successful.

In Febuary 2005, Mubarak called on parliament to amend the constitution to allow multiple candidates to run in elections scheduled for later that year.

However, his oppressive governing style, along with economic stagnation and a failure to embrace democracy, dented his popularity among the Egyptian people.

This then led Mubarak to step down after 18 days of demonstrations during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.

Last April, a prosecutor ordered Mubarak and both his sons to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power.

He was then ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors during the revolution.

These trials officially began on August 3rd, 2011.

In the past, Mubarak said he would continue to serve Egypt until his last breath.

But now he sits in a hospital, awaiting news of where he might spent his final years.

 

Editor:Liu Fang |Source: CNTV.CN

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