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13.1 million new jobs created in China's urban areas in 2013

01-24-2014 17:38 BJT

By CCTV reporter Han Peng

The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security says a total of 13.1 million new jobs were created in urban areas in 2013, hitting an all-time high.

If you consider China’s population of 1.3 billion people, even a 1 percent rise in the jobless rate means tens of millions of people have to struggle to make ends meet.

New data from the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security shows that the overall situation of China’s job market in 2013 was stable, and made some noticable achievements.

"In 2010, we created 11.7 million new jobs, with over a 10 percent GDP growth rate. In 2011, 12 million jobs were created, but GDP growth was reduced to 9.2 percent. In 2012, 12.7 million jobs were added, with an even slower GDP growth rate at 7.8 percent. This year, we created a record high of 13 million jobs, with GDP growth rate reduced to just 7.7 percent. This shows our economic growth is becoming more and more capable of creating jobs." Said Li Zhong, Spokesperson of Ministry of Human Resources & Social Security.

Make no mistake, these numbers are not just dry figures. They are real stories of people struggling to find a job and make a living. The Central government says they are doing their utmost in the global economic recession.

Earlier in 2013, we paid a visit to the homes of some new college graduates in Beijing. No longer eligible to live at the schools’ dorms after graduation, they were making do in small apartments in the capital’s suburbs. Eight young women had to share one bedroom.

"Most of my classmates landed a job in the end, despite the fact that 2013 was the what the media called "the toughest year for job hunting". But it seems getting a job does not translate into better living standards. Every night twenty girls have to queue just to take a shower. It’s terrible." A Beijing University Graduate said.

The latest figures show that the average yearly income of Chinese urban residents is around 30,000 yuan, or about 5,000 US dollars, a year. And if you earn more than 56,000 yuan, a year, you belong to the high-income class.

This has sparked a huge controversy in the public. Figures show the so-called high-income group is only equivalent to the wages of taxi drivers in South Africa.

"Our work in 2014 will continue to be focused on creating jobs by all possible means. Meanwhile, we are actively improving the social insurance. In 2013, the social insurance expenditure increased by over 2 and a half trillion yuan, up by a significant 20 percent compared to 2012." Li said.

The world’s most populous country is trying to develop the economy by boosting consumption... But many say that unless more Chinese people are working, and earning, it will be hard for them to really start spending.

The spokesperson of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security stressed that China is not only facing the challenge of employment, but also the mounting problems of an aging society. He says postponing the retirement age is a choice that must be made.

Editor:James |Source:

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