• Start of Spring

    February 2nd - February 5th

    "Start of Spring", or "Li Chun" in Chinese, is the first solar term in the 24 solar terms. It represents the beginning of the spring season. After that everything turns green, the daytime is becoming longer and the weather is becoming warmer. It reminds the farmers that the annual agriculture is about to begin.

  • The
    Rains

    February 18th - February 20th

    "The Rains", or "Yu Shui" in Chinese, indicates that as the weather gets warmer, the amount of rainfall increases, at the same time the form of precipitation transforms from snowfall to rainfall. When passing the day of "The Rains", the weather sometimes can be unpredictable for a few days.

  • Awakening of Insects

    March 5th - March 7th

    "Awakening of Insects", or "Jing Zhe" in Chinese, signals a rise in temperature and increased rainfall. As the third solar term in the lunar year, its name alludes to the fact that animals sleeping in winter are awakened by spring thunder and that the earth begins to come back to life.

  • Vernal
    Equinox

    March 21st - March 22nd

    "Vernal Equinox", or "Chun Fen" in Chinese, indicates two meanings. Firstly, on this day, the night and day are approximately equally long with 12 hours each. Secondly, it’s the mid-point for the spring season. After this day, the temperature continues to rise.

  • Clear and Bright

    April 5th - April 6th

    "Clear and Bright", or "Qing Ming" in Chinese, is also a traditional Chinese festival, Tomb-Sweeping Day. The words "clear" and "bright" describe the weather during this period. Temperatures begin to rise and rainfall increases, making it a crucial time for plowing and sowing in the spring.

  • Grain
    Rain

    April 19th - April 21st

    "Grain Rain", or "Gu Yu" in Chinese, originates from the old saying, "Rain brings up the growth of hundreds of grains," which shows that this period of rainfall is extremely important for the growth of crops. The "Grain Rain" signals the end of cold weather and a rapid rise in temperature.

  • Start of Summer

    May 5th - May 6th

    "Start of Summer", or "Li Xia" in Chinese, is the beginning of the summer season. On this day, the sun's rays reach an angle of 45 degrees to the earth. The temperature will rise quickly during this period, thunderstorm becomes more frequent and crops' growth enter the peak season.

  • Grain
    Buds

    May 20th - May 22nd

    "Grain Buds", or "Xiao Man" in Chinese, represents a period where grains are fuller but not totally full yet. It’s driest solar term in the year and it’s important to keep the crops away from the dry hot wind. "Man" means full, indicates not only the grain but also the amount of rainwater.

  • Grain in
    Ear

    June 5th - June 7th

    The arrival of "Grain in Ear", or "Mang Zhong" in Chinese, signifies the ripening of crops such as barley and wheat. During this period, crops like barley and wheat all get mature and are waiting to be harvested. "Mang" means grains and busy. It forecasts the farmer is getting back to the busy farm work.

  • Summer
    Solstice

    June 21st - June 22nd

    "Summer Solstice", or "Xia Zhi" in Chinese, has the longest day time of the year in the northern hemisphere and the sunshine in many cities in south China may last 14 hours per day. Although, this day has the longest daylight, it’s not the hottest.

  • Minor
    Heat

    July 6th - July 8th

    "Minor Heat", or "Xiao Shu" in Chinese, signifies the hottest period is coming but the extreme hot point has yet to arrive. The continuous rainfall season for cities along Yangtze River will soon stop and enter summer days. On the other hand, the north and northeast of China will enter the rain season.

  • Major
    Heat

    July 22nd - July 24th

    "Major Heat", or "Da Shu" in Chinese, represents the hottest days in the year. It’s a season with the highest temperature, where the crops grow fastest and the most frequent time for drought, water logging and windy weather.

  • Start of
    Autumn

    August 7th - August 9th

    "Start of Autumn", or "Li Qiu" in Chinese, reflects the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. The summer is passing away and the weather turns cold gradually. People can feel the wind is getting cool and see fogs in the morning sometimes. It’s also a season of harvest.

  • Limit of
    Heat

    August 22nd - August 24th

    "Limit of Heat", or "Chu Shu" in Chinese, indicates the hot summer passes and heat stops. It’s usually hot in the day and cold in the morning and evening. In this season, many plants and flowers start to wither, and crops like millet, paddy rice and fine grain all get mature.

  • White
    Dew

    August 7th - August 9th

    "White Dew", or "Bai Lu" in Chinese, indicates the real beginning of cool autumn. The temperature declines gradually and the vapors in the air often condense into white dew on the grass and trees at night. At this point, the swan goose and swallow fly back to south and birds start to store food for winter.

  • Autumn
    Equinox

    September 22nd - September 24th

    "Autumn Equinox", or "Qiu Fen" in Chinese, lies at the midpoint of autumn, dividing autumn into two equal parts. After this day, the temperature decreases obviously, just like the old proverb among the farmers, "A rain of fall, a rain of chill."

  • Cold
    Dew

    October 8th - October 9th

    "Cold Dew", or "Han Lu" in Chinese, means that it’s colder than "White Dew" and the dew are becoming frost. During this period, most of the areas around Nanling enter autumn and north-east and north-west of China will soon enter winter. And the most obvious climate feature is dry.

  • Frost
    Descent

    October 23rd - October 24th

    "Frost Descent", or "Shuang Jiang" in Chinese, is the last solar term of autumn, during which time the weather becomes much colder than before and frost begins to appear. The vapor in the air freezes on the ground in the form of tiny ice needles or hexagonal flower shapes.

  • Start of
    Winter

    November 7th - November 8th

    "Start of Winter", or "Li Dong" in Chinese, is the first solar term of winter, which means winter is coming and crops harvested in autumn should be stored up, and animals are ready to hide and start winter sleep. "Dong" not only means winter, but also that the metabolism of the nature gets slower.

  • Minor
    Snow

    November 22nd - November 23rd

    "Minor Snow", or "Xiao Xue" in Chinese, signals some areas along the Yellow River start to snow. It’s usually light snow, freezing in the night and melting in the morning. The soil is not cold enough, and snow can’t accumulate a lot on the ground.

  • Major
    Snow

    December 6th - December 8th

    "Major Snow", or "Da Xue" in Chinese, just like it’s meaning, indicates the snow becomes heavy and begins to accumulate on the ground. The temperature drops significantly. It's a very important period for farmers: if the snow is very heavy, it means next year will be a harvesting year.

  • Winter
    Solstice

    December 21st - December 23rd

    "Winter Solstice", or "Dong Zhi" in Chinese, is not only a solar term but an important festival. People eat dumplings in north China and rice-dumplings in south China. On this day, the day is the shortest and night is the longest of the year. After this day, many places in China will go through the coldest period.

  • Minor
    Cold

    January 5th - January 7th

    Although "Minor Cold", or "Xiao Han" in Chinese, means less cold than the following solar term, "Major Cold", it is normally the coldest period of winter. Most areas in China have entered the bitter cold stage of winter.

  • Major
    Cold

    January 20th - January 21st

    "Major Cold", or "Da Han" in Chinese, represents the end of 24 solar terms and also marks the end of winter. In this period, snow, rain and icy cold weather exert a big influence on people's lives.

The 24 Solar Terms