Editor's Note

The Amazon River in South America is the second longest river in the world, and accounts for approximately one-fifth of the world´s total river flow, with an average discharge greater than the next seven largest rivers combined. It serves as the lifeblood of the Amazon rainforest, home to one-third of the world´s species. CCTV´s "Surfing the Amazon" takes a closer look behind the great river´s ecological and cultural importance.


The Pororoca wave is a surfer’s dream. Twice a year, the longest wave on earth rolls down the longest river on earth: the Amazon. This phenomenon is a result of tides in the Atlantic Ocean that converge at the mouth of the Amazon River and create a tidal bore that pushes waves as high as 12 feet down the river.


More than one-third of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest, a giant tropical forest and river basin with an area that stretches more than 5,400,000 square kilometres. It is the richest tropical forest in the world in terms of biodiversity. There are over 2,100 species of fish currently recognized in the Amazon Basin, with more being discovered every year.

Amazon Superlatives

The largest waterflow in the world

The Amazon River in South America is the second longest river in the world and by far the largest by waterflow with an average discharge greater than the next seven largest rivers combined (not including Madeira and Rio Negro, which are tributaries of the Amazon).

The heaviest snake in the world

Anacondas live in swamps, marshes, and slow-moving streams, mainly in the tropical rainforests of the Amazon and Orinoco basins. The green anaconda is one of the world´s longest snakes, reaching more than 6.6 m long.It is the largest snake native to the Americas and probably the heaviest extant species of snake or squamate.

The laziest animals around the world

The three-toed sloth is arboreal with a body adapted to hang by its limbs. It lives high in the canopy but descends once a week to defecate on the forest floor. Its long, coarse, grayish-brown fur often appears greenish, not due to pigment but to algae growing on it.

The most romantic "wedding" in Amazon

The Meeting of Waters is the confluence between the Rio Negro, a river with dark (almost black coloured) water, and the sandy-coloured Amazon River or Rio Solimões, as it is known the upper section of the Amazon in Brazil. For 6 km the river´s waters run side by side without mixing.

Amazing Creatures in Amazon
  • <a></a>Astrocaryum chambira
    Astrocaryum chambira
  • <a></a>Heliconia
    Heliconia
  • <a></a>Strangler fig
    Strangler fig
  • <a></a>Victoria amazonica
    Victoria amazonica
  • <a></a>Gardenia
    Gardenia
  • <a></a>Pyrilia aurantiocephala
    Pyrilia aurantiocephala
  • <a></a>Arrow-poison frog
    Arrow-poison frog
  • <a></a>Martialis heureka with unusual morphology
    Martialis heureka with unusual morphology
  • <a></a>Pygmy marmoset: <br>One of the world´s smallest monkey breeds
    Pygmy marmoset:
    One of the world´s smallest monkey breeds
  • Pecari maximus
  • <a></a>Wood-eating catfish
    Wood-eating catfish
  • <a></a>Most feared red-bellied piranhas
    Most feared red-bellied piranhas
  • <a></a>Blue poison dart frog
    Blue poison dart frog
  • <a></a>Electric Eel
    Electric Eel
  • <a></a>River dolphin with 90º bended neck
    River dolphin with 90º bended neck

The Amazon rainforest function as a giant air filter. It absorbs carbon dioxide and produces pure oxygen. The region is often called the lung of the earth, and it contributes to global health in other ways too. However, ´lungs´ of the earth is suffering...

Amazon Rainforest Suffers

There are some corners of our planet, which are best, appreciated from the air, and this corner is particularly breathtaking. The dramatic beauty of the Cordillera Azul National Park is simply cannot be fully taken in from the ground.For Tropical Ecologist Greg Asner and it´s a stunning demonstration that the earth is still home to wildernesses beyond the reach of humankind.