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Main Stops along Qinghai-Tibet Highway

08-01-2013 14:44 BJT

Tanggula Mountain Pass

Tanggula Mountain Pass

Tanggula Mountain literally means 'mountain on the plateau' in Tibetan and 'high mountain insurmountable by eagles' in Mongolian. It is connected by the Karakoram Mountains to the west and the Hengluan Mountains to the east. The mountain is the watershed of the Yangtze and the Nu Rivers, and the seedbed of these two rivers and Lancang River. The source of Yangtze River - Tuotuo River just originates from its main peak, Geladandong Peak.

The Tanggula Pass in Tibet is a mountain pass that rises to 5,072 m (16,640 ft) above sea level.

On August 24, 2005, rail track was laid through the Tanggula Mountain Pass for the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, making the Tanggula Mountain Pass home to the highest railway in the world, surpassing the altitude of the highest Peruvian railway by 255 m (837 ft).

Nagqu Prefecture

Nagqu Prefecture

Nagqu is in the northern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region. It neighbors qamdo in the east, Ngari in the west, Lhasa, Nyingchi and Xigaze in the south, and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in the north. It is embraced by the Tanggula, Nyainqentanglha and kangdese Mountains, and the snow-capped Dargo Mountain in the west and the Burgyi Mountain in the east, guarding the treasure land like two ferocious lions.

Covering an area of some 400,000 square kilometers, Nagqu is generally referred to as Changtang; the area is high in the west and lies at an elevation of over 4,500 meters and low in the east. The vast region of the central west is basically flat but dotted with hills and numerous lakes, and is crisscrossed by rivers. There are high mountains surrounding the river valleys in the east, which is the farming region of northern Tibet. This area lies at an elevation of from 3,500 to 4,500 meters and also has forest resources and bush pasture, and a climate that is more equitable than that in the central west.

Nagqu falls within the sub-frigid zone and experiences extreme cold, a scarcity of oxygen, dry air and storms. There are no absolutely frost-free periods. Nagqu has an annual average temperature of -0.9 degree to -3.3 degree, an annual relative humidity of 48-51 percent, an annual precipitation of 380mm, and he sun shines for 2,852.6-2,881.7 hours each year. From November to March the air is dry, the temperature low and the area is exposed to violent sandstorm. From May to September, Nagqu is warm and enjoys good weather. The annual growing season lasts for 100 days, and during this period the area receives 80 percent of its annual precipitation. At this time the grasslands are emerald and grazed by flocks of sheep.

The CPC Nagqu Prefectural Committee and the Nagqu Prefectural Administration are located in Nagqu Town. Nagqu Town is a political, economic, cultural and trading center as well as a transport hub of the Tibet Autonomous Region. It is also the collection and reshipment centre for the region's animal products, mineral ores, and agricultural and forestry products. Bisected by the Xining-Lhasa, Nagqu-Qamdo and Amdo-Shiquanhe Highways, Nagqu Town is the transport hub for northern Tibetan contacts with other parts of the region and other parts of China. All counties (districts) and townships within Nagqu Prefecture are accessible by highways.

Nagqu Prefecture had a population of 330,286, including 326,920 Tibetans (98.98 percent), 3,258 people of the Han ethnic group and 108 of other ethnic groups. It exercises jurisdiction over 10 counties and the Shuanghu Special Administrative Zone, which consist of 145 townships, two towns and two neighborhood committees. The 10 counties inclued Nagqu, Amdo, Nyainrong, Biru, Jiali, Baqen, Sog, Pangkog, Xainza and Nyima.

Damxung County

Damxung County is renowned as the miniature of the fertile Qiangtang Grassland. It is located at the junction of North Tibet and South Tibet, about 160 km. The county also contains some well-known tourist attractions,  such as the largest geothermic station of China - Yampachen  and heavenly Namtso Lake.

Photo taken on July 19th shows that several yaks are eating on the wetland around the Qinghai-Tibet railway in Damxung County, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region. [Photo/Xinhua]

Editor:Zheng Limin |Source: CCTV.com

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