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Main stops along Sichuan-Tibet highway

08-01-2013 17:36 BJT

Chamdo Prefecture

Located in eastern Tibet,the Chamdo Prefecture, tucked away in the Henduan Mountains and dissected by the Jinshajiang, Lancanjiang and Nujiang rivers, covers an area of 108,600 square km. On its eastern side lies Sichuan, with Yunnan to the south and Qinghai in the north.

Now it administers 11 counties: Chamdo, Gyamda, Gongjo, Riwoqe, Dingqen, Chagyab, Baxoi, Zogang, Mangkang, Lhorong and Palbar (Yanjing, Senda, Togba and Bitug have been approved by the State Council, but haven't been set up yet), 13 districts, nine towns, 168 townships (including nine towns) and 1,622 administrative villages. Twenty-one ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han (Chinese), Hui, Zhuang, Naxi, Lhoba, Monba and Bai live here. The total population is over 550,000, of which 98.26 percent are Tibetan.

Chamdo Prefecture

Chamdo Prefecture possesses a strategic geographical position. With a broad land and relatively large population, it is regarded as the East Gate of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Situated between 93 6 -99 2 east longitude and 28 5 -32 6 north latitude, it faces Dege, Baiyu, Shiqu and Batang counties of Sichuan Province across the river to the east, borders Deqen County of Yunnan Province to the southeast, neighbors the Nyingchi Prefecture to the southwest, links with the Nagqu Prefecture to the northwest and joins the Yushu Prefecture of Qinghai Province to the north. It covers a total area of 110,000 square km, accounting for 8.9 percent of Tibet's total. Now it administers 11 counties: Chamdo, Gyamda, Gongjo, Riwoqe, Dingqen, Chagyab, Baxoi, Zogang, Mangkang, Lhorong and Palbar (Yanjing, Senda, Togba and Bitug have been approved by the State Council, but haven't been set up yet), 13 districts, nine towns, 168 townships (including nine towns) and 1,622 administrative villages. Twenty-one ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han (Chinese), Hui, Zhuang, Naxi, Lhoba, Monba and Bai live here. The total population is over 550,000, of which 98.26 percent are Tibetan.

The Chamdo Prefecture has an average altitude of over 3,500 meters, with a unique topography and wonderful landscapes. It is in the plateau continental climate zone. The terrain lowers down from northwest to southeast, and the valley deepens from north to south. The mountains in the northwest are integrated, creating wide plateaus in the watershed area; while the hills and valleys are more frequently found in the south, and the mountains become more precipitous, and the river valleys deeper. The mountain body is divided into many parts. Most of the peaks are way above the snow line, the highest of which is the Nyainqentanglha on the border of Palbar rising to 6,956 meters. Divided by the three-river water system, the Chamdo Prefecture forms a multi-layer plateau, with a complicated geomorphologic structure, different topographies, climate types and plant growing environments. The average annual sunshine is 2,100-2,700 hours, and the non-frost period ranges from 46 to 162 days. Here one can find broad and rich pastures, undulating farmland, endless forests on peaks, abundant minerals, water and solar energy, diversified wide fauna and flora and sub-tropical scenes. Here the mountains, water, trees, birds, beasts, insects, fish, flowers and grass prosper together, forming a beautiful, varied, tranquil, primitive and magnificent picture of nature.

Climate

With a complicated geomorphologic structure, different topographies, climate types and plant growing environments. The average annual sunshine is 2,100-2,700 hours, and the non-frost period ranges from 46 to 162 days.

Feature

The towering Hengduan Mountains go through the prefecture from north to south. Lancangjiang, Nujiang and Jinshajiang rivers surge ahead through deep valleys.
Historical records in Tibetan show that there are 25 holy mountains in the Kham area, most of which are located in Chamdo.

Besides the unique mountains, the lakes in Chamdo also take on various features. The Ra'og Lake in Riwoqe is reputed as "a pool of precious jade in western sky" for its beauty.

The Karub site in Chamdo dating back 4,000 to 5,000 years is the first site of the Neolithic Age scientifically excavated in Tibet, displaying the ancient civilization created by Chinese ancestors in the Lancangjiang river range.

As the center of Khamba culture, Chamdo enjoys a good reputation for its Raba dance in Dingqen, Cho of Chamdo and Shinze of Mangkang. Also, it is the main area where the Tibetan epic King Gesar spreads.

Riwoqe county

Riwoqe means "the Great Mountains" in Tibetan.

Riwoqe County is located in the northeast of the Tibet Autonomou Region and northen part of the Chamdo prefecture. It covers an area of 5,887 square kilometres with a population of 39,000.

The average altitude of the area is 4500 metres high above sea level.

The Riwoqe Temple, with a history of over 700 years, is well known of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Riwoqe county

Editor:Zheng Limin |Source: CCTV.com

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